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Why Lidar Is Important for Autonomous Vehicle?

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LiDAR acts as an eye of the self-driving vehicles providing them a 360-degree view. Let’s have a look what is the importance of LiDAR in autonomous vehicle Self-driving cars being vague sign-bearers of an indeterminate future would soon become days of the past. Self-driving cars are all set to disrupt the automobile industry and usher its colossal restructuring. In the coming years, you will just need to turn around to see them moving in your neighboring street. Self-driving cars have already hit the roads of California, Texas, Arizona, Washington, Pennsylvania, Michigan and other US states and countries. Though, as of now, their mobility is restricted to specific test areas and driving conditions. But a question arises inescapably in our minds – how do autonomous cars function? Of course, there are a slew of technologies that enable the vehicle to drive autonomously, but, how do the cars change lane and keep a safe distance from other vehicles hurtling past them, or how do they spot roadblocks and other such obstructions ahead? Just like human-driven cars, autonomous vehicles too would have to face traffic congestion, potholes, trees and other obstacles on roads. What is the technology that works as an eye of these cars? Let’s look at how Autonomous vehicle handle such situations smoothly. LiDAR – eyes of autonomous vehicles You might have noticed a rotating device installed atop an autonomous vehicle. However, on some, it’s mounted on the bonnet. This device is LiDAR that acts as an eye of the self-driving vehicles. It provides them a 360-degree view of the surrounding helping them to drive themselves safely. Continuously rotating LiDAR system sends thousands of laser pulses every second. These pulses collide with the surrounding objects and reflect back. The resulting light reflections are then used to create a 3D point cloud. An onboard computer records each laser’s reflection point and translates this rapidly updating point cloud into an animated 3D representation. 3D representation is created by measuring the speed of light and the distance covered by it which helps to determine the vehicle’s position with other surrounding objects. The 3D representation monitors the distance between the other passing by vehicle and any other vehicle in front of it. It helps to command the brakes to slow or stop the vehicle. When the road ahead is clear, it also allows the vehicle to speed up. LiDAR is also being incorporated into a new development called Pre-Scan. In Pre-Scan, laser scans the road surface several hundred times a second. This information is then fed to the cars on-board computer and processed in a fraction of a second, adjusting the individual suspension at each wheel.With the help of LiDAR, autonomous vehicles travel smoothly and avoid collisions by detecting the obstructions ahead. This improves the safety of the commuters and makes autonomous cars less prone to accidents because the risk of human negligence and rash driving is absent. GEOSPATIALWORLD more

Top CAD Trends in 2020

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In 2020, a clear theme for CAD is easy to see: efficiency. Companies of all sizes are using advances in CAD technology to do more with less, whether that means getting by with smaller teams due to labor shortages or creating more cost-effective designs by using emerging technologies to move faster. How will they achieve this? With generative design, cloud-based CAD, and more digital transformation. Enterprises Will Adopt Generative Design What happens when advances in artificial intelligence, analytics, and multi-physics simulation all come together? You get generative design. The right software can now give designers and engineers hundreds or even thousands of options early in the design process based on functional requirements like material, strength, weight, physical size, and more. The design team can also adjust filters for functional and non-functional factors, such as cost and supply, to come up with design options that they might not otherwise have thought of. The result is nothing short of a revolution in CAD capability, and enterprises are noticing. GE, for example, designed a bracket that was 75% lighter than the original design while still maintaining material yield stress requirements. When you consider the number of parts that an enterprise the size of GE has the opportunity to optimize with generative design, it’s hard to wrap your head around the possible savings. But somewhere out there, a cadre of MBAs are surely trying. Cost savings aren’t the only factor that will drive enterprise adoption of generative design in 2020. A shortage of early-career engineers means that companies are being forced to get creative in finding ways to fill their staffing gaps. Generative design will help even the most novice team member optimize design solutions quickly and efficiently. Generative design is capable of far more than most enterprises have used it for thus far. 2020 is poised to be its breakout year. More SMBs Will Adopt CAD on the Cloud Small- to -medium-sized businesses (SMBs) will increasingly see that cloud-based CAD puts the same powerful software used by big companies within their budget. And unlike traditional CAD software, it won't require the overhead of a large IT department or pricey hardware. What about security? Jon Hirschtick, VP, President of SaaS at PTC, predicts a change in perspectives in 2020. How safe is on-premise software when laptops can be stolen, USB drives misplaced, unencrypted information intercepted over the internet? "Skeptics have long been asking if the cloud will ever be secure enough to protect their data," he says. "This year, that question will be flipped: 'How in the world can you ever have your IP securely stored on your desktop?'” CAD on the cloud will also help companies of all sizes navigate an increasingly turbulent geopolitical climate in 2020. Changing supply chains, regulations, and tariffs will drive more and more companies toward cloud software. "Companies of all sizes will seek out product development tools that enable the instant redeployment of their software tools and data – and that can pull back their valuable IP from their old suppliers," says Hirschtick. Companies of All Sizes Will Do More Digitally Digital transformation has been a hot topic in engineering for the last couple of years, and that trend will continue in 2020. Design teams will leverage advanced features in CAD technology to get real-time feedback on designs, optimize designs for additive manufacturing, and communicate better via model-based definition. Real-Time Design Guidance Design engineers no longer need to wait for the analysis team, let alone the full prototyping process, to start evaluating the efficacy of their designs. In 2020, companies will use features fully integrated into the modeling environments of their CAD systems, like Creo Simulation Live, to iterate through design options more quickly. This will have implications for more efficient material use, speed to market, prototyping, and beyond. Advances in Additive Manufacturing Additive manufacturing (AM) continues to draw in product designers as they explore its flexibility and new material choices. CAD plays a key role by offering more sophisticated design options that, in many cases, are best produced via additive manufacturing. Think lattice structures or the more organic generative design shapes. Historically, AM has been limited by its glacial speed, making it only appropriate for prototypes or small batch manufacturing. New CAD innovations are helping to change that with tools that optimize the build tray—so that the printer can produce more parts in a smaller space. In upcoming years, this will help lead to more additive parts finding their way into mass production. MBD Model-based definition has been on the upswing over the past few years. That’s because it can reduce the design to manufacturing to inspection process by as much as 72%. Switching to model-based from drawing-based makes your workflows faster and easier. In some cases, drawings are no longer practical. Think additive manufacturing. As Jennifer Herron of Action Engineering notes “AM is the only method that requires a 3D model to produce it.” As teams become more and more integrated throughout the design and manufacturing process, they are finding that MBD provides a competitive edge as well as the most effective way to keep everyone on the same page. PTC more

Stainless Steel 304 vs 316 - How to Select the Right Grade?

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Austenitic stainless steel grades are the number one choice for materials that can endure corrosive environments. Austenitic stainless steel tube is rich in chromium and nickel, which make it ideal for resisting corrosion. It also has remarkable mechanical properties across the various grades available in the market. Grade 304 stainless steel Grade 304 is a basic austenitic stainless steel. It contains a high level of nickel and chromium, with the amount of chromium ranging from 18 to 20% by weight and nickel weighing in at between 8 and 10.5%. Grade 304’s other alloying elements include silicon and manganese with iron comprising the remaining chemical composition. Chromium and nickel give 304 stainless steel its high corrosion resistance. Common applications for 304 stainless steel include: *Household appliances *Heat exchangers *Fasteners *Piping *Making structures in the environment that would wear down carbon steel *Commercial food processing equipment Grade 316 stainless steel 316 stainless steel has the same material composition as 304 stainless steel. However, in addition to high amounts of chromium and nickel, it also holds silicon, carbon, and manganese, with a huge portion comprising of iron. Grade 316 stainless steel has a denser chemical composition. It holds a significant amount of molybdenum of about 2-3% in weight compared to the traces found in 304. The higher molybdenum in 316 results in higher corrosion resistance than in 304. 316 stainless steel does well in salty water, making it ideal for marine applications. Other common applications of 316 stainless steel are: *Marine surroundings, especially those with high chloride concentrations *Medical devices *Refinery equipment *Chemical storage equipment and for chemical processing Which should you choose - 304 or 316? There are situations which set apart the two grades of stainless steel, but both are legends on their turf. The circumstances under which Grade 304 is a better choice are: The application requires superb formability. The higher molybdenum content in 316 can have serious consequences on formability, thus making 304 a better choice. The application has underlying cost concerns. Given that grade 316 is more corrosion resistant, it has a higher direct cost. The following situations highlight cases where Grade 316 may be a better choice: *When the surroundings include a high concentration of corroding elements like in marine application or the dishwasher *When the material will be submerged in water or have consistent exposure to water *In applications where formability is less of a concern and strength and durability are required *In applications where non-magnetic permeability is required. *The underlying cost, however, is justified directly by the long life cycle. Therefore formability and corrosion resistance should help you choose between grade 304 and grade 316. Criteria to select the best of grades With over 50 stainless steel grades to choose from, picking a grade is not always easy. With expert advice, you can be certain which grade of pipes best suits your project.   Here are some things to consider first:  *The timeline of material generation or application *Transition in-process phase *Cost-reduction through the change of basic material *Adaptation of new material due to bad performance The basic types of pipes obtainable are: *Duplex *Basic ferritic *Austenitic peak temperature steel *Basic martensitic *Stainless steel class is a broad spectrum and critical elements include: *Fire-resistance *Mechanical strength *Magnetic response *Corrosion resistance *Life span cost Corrosion resistance The environment in which the stainless steel product will be located is important when determining the choice of grade. The atmospheric conditions, the concentration of chemicals which comprise of chlorides and acids are the fundamental concerns of corrosion resistance. For less corrosive environments, the most preferred grades of austenitic stainless steel would be grades 303 and 304. If your project is set in surroundings which are more corrosive based on the presence of acid and chlorine or seawater, grade 316 is best suited for such environments. The key to choosing the best stainless steel for your application is to evaluate the life cycle cost. STAINLESS STEEL more

Stainless Steel – Durable, Sustainable and 100% Recyclable

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Sustainability is defined by 3 Ps – People, Planet and Profit. To build a sustainable future, the materials, especially metals we use play a crucial role. And that’s because discarded or scrap metal do not decompose easily and that poses a serious risk to people and planet. To have a sustainable tomorrow, we need to use metals that are clean, durable and recyclable today. Currently, a lot of emphasis is laid on choosing materials that are sustainable and stainless steel, known best for its sustainability and durability properties is gaining significant recognition. Stainless steel sheets have been used for a long time for various applications across various industries and is known to be 100% recyclable. It is therefore the right material for a sustainable planet. Not only do stainless steel products help in implementing environment-friendly solutions, it also helps in implementing cost effective solutions as well. Let’s have a look at the various aspects that contribute to the role of stainless steel in sustainability: Stainless Steel is 100% Recyclable Stainless Steel is non-degradable and 100% recyclable. Therefore, it is recycled to produce more steel and this process goes on indefinitely. The material is made of nickel, iron, chromium, and molybdenum among other raw materials. These metals are high in demand and therefore stainless steel has high capture rates. Despite extremely high recapture rates, the demand for stainless steel is on the rise, which is an excellent trend because it helps to ensure that the new stainless steel that goes into production today will be recycled in the future. Stainless Steel is Durable Due to its excellent mechanical and corrosion properties, stainless steel is chosen for countless applications across various industries because it ensures low maintenance costs, a long life and high recapture rates once that life is over. Companies can foster its high sustainability and durability properties by implementing a proper maintenance system with a commitment to recycle steel and purchase recycled steel whenever the need arises. Stainless Steel Doesn’t Pose a Risk to Human Health Stainless steel is easy to clean and does not breed bacteria easily. Therefore, it is widely used in manufacturing of food and medicine. The presence of chromium in stainless steel forms a natural, passive protective layer that prevents steel from corroding. Therefore, if the correct grade of steel is chosen for an application it poses little to no risk to the people handling it. Moreover, it becomes an environment-friendly choice as 100% of it is recycled at the end of its life. An important fact to note here is that stainless steel does not remain in the environment and poses no threat to humans and animals. Stainless Steel Makes a Perfect Economical Choice Stainless steel doesn’t only make an excellent environmental choice, but it is an excellent economical choice as well. If the correct type or grade of stainless steel is chosen for an application, it can last till the project lasts. In its lifetime, it saves maintenance costs, inspection costs and production downtime costs. Because of its high durability properties, it can sustain in the worst of conditions and retain its original form. At the end of a project, the stainless steel also has a high scrap value and all of it is recycled. With the onset of environmental awareness, people, government, commercial establishments, communities and industries have realized the need to reduce carbon footprints to have a sustainable future. They are now more conscious than ever about their choices in materials as they do not want to contribute to the carbon emissions that could paralyze nature. They would rather invest in looking for better ways to ensure that their products are environmentally friendly and do not cause harm to people and nature. The growing amount of awareness has made stainless steel the material of choice. It is no wonder that stainless steel is deemed as a green product and the demand for this material has been the highest of any material in the world. STAINLESS STEEL WORLD more

Principle and Procedure of Colorimeter

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What is Colorimeter? A colorimeter is a light-sensitive tool used to measure the absorption and transmission of light that passes through a sample solution. A colorimetric device works based on Beer Lambert's law. The photoelectric colorimeter is a sensitive apparatus intended for use in various colorimetric analyses such as soil component analysis, building materials, water analysis, food ingredients, textile products, additives, and employ in different manufacturing processes. Colorimeter Principle Colorimetry is a sensitive tool used to determine the intensity and concentration of a sample at a particular wavelength. In general, two types of colorimeters are used which are spectrophotometers and tristimulus colorimeters. The colorimeter principle works based on Beer-Lambert's law. This rule states that the absorption of light when passing through a medium is directly proportional to the intermediate convergence. While using a colorimeter, there is a beam of light wherein a given wavelength is directed toward a liquid sample. By entering a sample solution, the light beam travels through a series of different lenses, and the microprocessor is used to determine the absorption or emission of light through the liquid sample. If the concentration of the sample is high, the more light will be absorbed and if the sample has low concentration, it will transmit more light. You may determine colorimetric reactions on a colorimeter or a spectrophotometer. Both measure the intensity of light that passes through a liquid sample and convert the intensity of this light into a concentration based on a specific calibration curve. The colorimetry follows the principles of the Beer-Lambert law is expressed as: A = Ɛ x b x c A is the absorbance of the sample component Ɛ is a wavelength-dependent absorptivity coefficient b is the path length of the cell c is the concentration of the analyte Types of Colorimeter The tristimulus colorimeter and spectrophotometer are the types of colorimeter used for color measurement. Tristimulus colorimeter: Tristimulus colorimeter is usually used for quality control, and appropriate with color variations and resistance determination. The tristimulus method measures the light reflected from the object to have a similar sensitivity using three separate sensors. Spectrophotometer: A spectrophotometer is a device that can determine light intensity as a function of color, or more precisely, the wavelength of light, and other liquid samples. This detects both the entire UV spectrum in the range of 200-400 nm and the visible range of 400-800 nm. It gives accurate data by providing the wavelength of the sample absorbance or transmittance properties by wavelength spectral analysis. A spectrophotometer is simple and fast to operate and is most commonly used for light absorption measurement. Colorimeter Procedure Before beginning a colorimetry analysis, we must recognize the various parts essential to perform the process. Light source: Generally a tungsten or xenon lamp is used to produce the light. Filter: It is made of colored glass, and is used to choose the light of narrow wavelength. Cuvette: It is used to hold the solution of the sample. The monochromatic light passes through the sample solution put in a cuvette. Cuvettes are made up of special quartz or glass. Detector or Photocell: it is used to detect the light transmitted through the sample. It is photosensitive components that transform light energy into electric energy Experimental Procedure of Colorimeter *A colorimeter requires the first calibration using standard solutions of the specified solute concentration to be measured in a test sample. *Prepare samples according to the procedure. *Turn the instrument ON and allow it to warm up for 10-15 minutes. *Choose the correct filter. *Select the appropriate mode, i.e. % transmittance or absorbance. *Insert the test tube containing the “Blank” or “Reference” solution. *Make auto- zero with the blank solution. *Remove the test tube containing the blank solution and insert the sample solution. *Note down the reading in %T mode or optical density. Colorimeter Applications *It uses to confirm the quality and consistency of fabric and paint colors *Applications of colorimeter have the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the samples. *The food industry uses this to ensure the quality of the product. *It is used to determine the quality of the food, to ensure that it does not spoil by determining its particular color. *It can also be used to calculate a reaction's path by evaluating the rate of formation and the disappearance of light-absorbing analytes within the range of the visible light spectrum. *The quality of the water is measured using colorimetry. *It is used by manufacturers of paints, pharmaceuticals, and textiles. *Colorimetry is frequently used to determine a concentration of the sample by determining the transmittance, optical density, or absorption thereof. *By determining the absorption spectrum in the visible range, the component can be identified. The Advantages of Colorimeter are as Follows. *It is cost-effective, rapid and is easy to operate. *Compared to the volumetric or gravimetric processes it is a fast and convenient technique. *No expert is required to handle this. *Using the colorimetry process the chemical substances can be identified in the water. *It subjected colored compounds to quantitative analysis. *It can be used in quantitative analysis of colored compounds. *Another advantage of colorimeter is that it's a portable system that convenient to carry The Disadvantages of Colorimeter are as Follows :*Not analyzing colorless compounds is the major disadvantage of colorimetry. *It requires more sample amounts for analysis. *It requires the standard solution to be prepared. *It has a lower sensitivity than other techniques. *Colorimetry is not functioning in UV and IR regions. *The accurate bandwidth of wavelengths can be essential for a more precise analysis of the molecules. CHROMINFO more

New Policy Initiatives to Move European Aluminium Industry Forward

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As a European industry association, our focus for 2020 is ensuring that new policymakers in the reconstituted European Commission and Parliament understand our industry. Our agenda features a comprehensive set of policy recommendations across four domains: circular economy, trade, energy & climate, and innovation. First, we must convince more politicians that aluminium is a strategic industrial sector to preserve Europe’s competitiveness and critical for the transition to a climate neutral and circular economy. We will also pay close attention to the new policy initiatives that will be introduced as part of the European Green Deal, presented as Europe’s growth strategy for a resource-efficient and competitive economy to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. The European aluminium industry has the ambitious aim of becoming a frontruner in this process. That’s why we have not only developed a long-term vision towards 2050 but also a complementary mid-term recycling strategy that set out different scenarios of how the sector can contribute to Europe’s climate and growth conditions. They also outline the conditions necessary for the sector to realise its full potential for decarbonisation and recycling. Establishing free and fair trade conditions. Our data shows that the increasing aluminium demand in Europe will continue to rise by up to 40% by 2050, driven by high demand in many applications (mobility and transport, building and construction, packaging, to only name the largest sectors). Unfortunately, the long-term growth opportunities are overshadowed by short-term challenges in trade and energy that pose serious threats to our industry. Recent developments on the world trade scene are posing serious threats to our industry. The number one challenge to tackle remains subsidised Chinese excess capacity. Last year, the OECD released a landmark report on the aluminium value chain, which shows just how much support Chinese producers receive: 70 billion dollars between 2013-2017, with 85% of this benefiting just five Chinese companies. The subsidised aluminium production in China undermines European production, distorts global markets, and depresses global aluminium prices, threatening the competitiveness of the European aluminium industry. Thanks to state support, China’s primary production increased to almost 60% of worldwide production in just over a decade, which also led to a boom in the export of semi-fabricated products to the EU. Moreover, these Chinese imports reach our market at unfairly low prices – up to 30% below the market price. The current trade defence measures on aluminium wheels, foil, and radiators are not sufficient as they only cover 5% of the EU production, and we will continue to work with the European Commission to intensify its efforts to safeguard the future of the industry. Together with other industries, we are also calling on governments to reform the WTO to better deal with today’s trade challenges. The reformed WTO rules should protect the multilateral trade system, assess the impact of government support throughout the whole value chain, and develop a better accounting system for the influence of state actors. Boosting recycling of aluminium. Our projections show that up to nearly 50% of the European aluminium demand can be met with recycled aluminium by 2050. However, access to aluminium for recycling in terms of quantity and quality will be a big challenge that prohibits us from achieving full circularity. The Commission’s upcoming Circular Economy Action Plan 2.0 should, therefore, create the right incentives to promote circular business models, taking into consideration the enormous potential lying ahead for the European aluminium recycling industry. Ensuring long-term predictability. There is no way around it: our industry requires a lot of electricity. Electricity costs represent up to 40% of the total primary production costs, and Europe has the highest electricity prices compared to main competitors due to the extra costs that arise from the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and the greening of power generation systems. No aluminium smelter outside Europe is exposed to carbon costs in their electricity prices. That is why the ongoing overhaul of the EU’s State Aid Policy and the review of the guidelines on the compensation of the indirect costs of the ETS are vital to avoid further plant closures in Europe and preserving the full aluminium value chain in Europe. We need a more comprehensive and less fragmented compensation system while ensuring long-term predictability. It will be equally critical to see similar developments in other parts of the world. Investing in the future. Without innovation, we will not reach Europe’s ambitious climate goals. Aluminium manufacturing and product development need to invest in reinforcing its contribution to more carbon-neutral and circular mobility, building and packaging sectors. However, investments in greenfield operations are challenging due to the lack of predictability related to regulation and access to affordable and green electricity. Large-scale breakthrough production technologies and recycling facilities require considerable upfront capital. Investments in dismantling, sorting, pre- and remelting technologies are also important to further close the loop. We call for a predictable framework and more favourable conditions to encourage investments in greenfield operations and to remove regulatory barriers that prevent scaling up of innovations and more recycling in Europe. We believe that EU funding and investment programmes must equally and fairly address key sectors without diverting massive amounts towards specific sectors such as plastics. Programmes should prioritise sectors that adopt a proactive industrial transformation vision for 2050, based on carbon neutrality, circularity and a positive contribution to society. Despite the challenges mentioned here, with the right conditions the European aluminium industry cannot only defend but even expand its share in the growth of the aluminium demand in Europe. Based on its enormous potential, our industry will be one of the frontrunners in Europe’s transition to a low carbon economy. So, my new year’s wish is that each one of Aluminium Leaderspeak’s readers becomes a proud and outspoken ambassador of our metal! ALCIRCLE more

Better Together: Additive Manufacturing and the Digital Thread

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Manufacturers are constantly looking for new ways to optimize processes and become more lean, flexible, and agile to keep pace with mass customization customer demands. This includes investments in factory assets and machines customized to fit their needs and contribute to larger strategic goals. Consumers are similarly intrigued by customized experiences, which are available through a plethora of purchasing options in today’s global marketplace. Manufacturers have both a challenge and opportunity to weave production lines with customization capabilities to achieve flexibility and agility. Forward-thinking manufactures preemptively addressing this trend are turning to emerging technologies and one of the key combinations for customization is additive manufacturing and the digital thread. Additive manufacturing (AM), sometimes referred to as 3D printing, is the process of creating physical objects in a layer-by-layer procedure. Traditionally, creating new parts or products is a timely and costly process due to the need to reconfigure manufacturing systems (production floors, assembly lines). The costs for both set-up and changeover times is a financial hit, especially for ‘one-off’ products. These inefficiencies cannot take place in today’s fast-paced world of customized products; additive manufacturing provides a solution. Digital Thread Crucial to Scaling Additive Manufacturing Additive can quickly create new prototypes, parts, and products without massive manufacturing equipment overhaul. The cost savings can be significant even just on a ‘one-off’ basis; think of a machine malfunctioning and an on-site 3D printer creating a spare part for a technician to repair it in minutes. This drastically minimizes material, logistics, and downtime costs. For additive manufacturing to reach its full potential it must be linked into the digital thread. In the example mentioned above, through IIoT and analytics we can now preemptively diagnose the machine’s failure and proactively take counter measures. Feeding this digitized information to the 3D printer in-tune with the machine’s digital definition (CAD, PLM, BOM), we can quickly manufacture the replacement part and negate any costly machine downtime. IoT can also provide crucial performance data to create a closed-feedback loop for product designers; real-world product usage data is accessible via the digital thread for designers looking to create the next product iteration. Generative Design and the Digital Thread Artificial Intelligence is transforming industries, companies, and the roles within them. Product design and engineering functions are being equipped with AI-driven generative design tools where they can create higher performing and more efficiently made future product iterations. However, delivering these optimized product iterations (like the wrench below) come in forms with complex lattice structures and geometries that are challenging to manufacture with current machinery. Additive manufacturing brings these innovative generative designs to life with its configurable layer-by-layer material printing. These optimized product designs substantially reduces scrap, materials used, and product weight, which has major implications for product development costs and real-world performance. Case in point, a GE Bracket redesigned through generative design was 75% lighter than the original design and also improved material yield stress. Combining additive with generative design will also substantially reduce prototype overhead costs. Product designers can quickly manufacturer a prototype optimized by generative design through an on-site 3D printer. Rapid prototyping has downstream effects. It enables manufacturers to get new products to market faster than ever and meet the demands of increasingly shorter lead times. Polaris is using additive to quickly develop new parametric lattice structures in its products, which is creating new efficiencies. Final Thoughts Manufacturers will need an additive manufacturing strategy to keep pace with mass customization trends and competitive headwinds. Additive manufacturing combined with the digital thread provides an entryway for innovative technologies to become mainstream and empower collaboration across various roles. AM will physically revolutionize the factory floor, while the digital thread will unlock and scale its widespread impact across all operations. PTC more
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