Tronserve Portal
Announcements

Monday, 16th March 2020

A Synopsis of SMEs in Southeast Asia: Thailand

All economies rely on four economic engines to drive them forward: investment, exports, consumption, and government spending. [1] SMEs have something to do with homegrown domestic investments and exports. Thailand’s SME is so far third after Malaysia and Singapore in Southeast Asia. It has a large sector of homegrown small or medium enterprises. And these SMEs are the biggest contributors to its GDP. [2] The business success comes at the expense of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) which are key to creating a more dynamic and diversified Thai economy. [3]Thailand offers great investment potential as a leading automotive production base in the region ASEAN – a fast developing region for automotive manufacturing. Over a period of 50 years, the country has developed from an assembler of auto components into a top automotive manufacturing and export hub. [4]Within the industrial sector, manufacturing is the most productive, contributing 34.5% of the GDP. The two major categories of goods manufactured in Thailand are automotive and electronics. [5] Thailand produces roughly two million vehicles every year, including international brands, like Ford, Volkswagen, Mercedes, and BMW. Thailand also produces and exports automotive parts.The electronics manufacturing industry is the largest percentage of exported goods, which sums up 15% of its total export. Within this category, computers and integrated circuits are the two most widely exported goods. Thailand is also famous for its production of hard disk drives. Plastic and rubber industries take third place in Thailand’s total manufacturing. This is followed by food industry exports, mainly processed fish and raw sugar.Another significant part of Thailand's economy is the services sector, which contributes nearly half of the total national GDP, including finance, health, tourism and hospitality, retail, communications, and banking. [6] These services provide jobs for a major portion of the formal labor force, and are crucial to the future economic growth in Thailand.The government has introduced “Thailand 4.0” scheme with the objective to promote, encourage and support both public and private sector; including MSMEs and entrepreneurs, to adopt, upgrade and use innovation and technology in many aspects to enhance capacity and efficiency. [7]Jenny Huang, a business consulting expert wrote, “Vietnam has been flooded with the early movers. As a result, their factories are at capacity, their costs are rising, and they are less willing to compete for new business (i.e. – give our clients good deals). Taiwan and South Korea are great for certain products, but too expensive for most. For many products, Thailand just works.”[8]Catherine Zhang gives three reasons Thailand is the most suitable destination for manufacturing businesses in Southeast Asia community when compared to the giant China. In China,1. Labor costs and production costs have increased2. The threshold is getting higher3. Market competition has become increasingly fierceYes. Thailand is not just a newbie for the SME community in the region. It has a good experience and existing mechanism of supporting the community. It is a rising star in the region. It will still be contributing the economic growth not only for the country itself, but for the whole Southeast Asia.[1] bangkokpost[2] worldatlas[3] bangkokpost[4] aseanbriefing[5] worldatlas[6] worldatlas[7] asean.org[8] chinalawblog

Read more

Monday, 16th March 2020

Product, Promise, and Profit

Not long ago, I bought a HP laptop from Lazada. I made a search with the key word “HP 14 Ryzen 5”, and the result showed quite a number of HP laptops from several sellers from different locations. Many overseas sellers showed a cheaper price, yet I chose a local seller from Kedah, Malaysia. Why I chose a local seller is simple. I will give you my simple and ordinary reasons as a non-technically well-informed person:·         Damaged or faulty items can be easily returned·         I can use Lazada’s free return policy for 14 days or use a cheap courier·         I can reach the seller through a mobile call for any questions I have on the product·         I know I can call HP Malaysia regarding its warranty True enough! I received the laptop in good condition and was working fine. I was very satisfied with the seller and the brand. But suddenly there was a problem after updating windows. Microsoft prompted an update to the windows home version 1903, and I couldn’t play MP3 and MP4 files anymore. I could use VLC to play MP4s but there was no audio. I panicked and started contacting the seller first. The seller recommended me to call HP instead. I then proceeded to call HP Malaysia and from there, I was re-directed to HP India technicians. Another suggestion from HP was to call Microsoft directly. I called Microsoft Help Centre Malaysia, and after two separate conversations, it ended up problem unsolved. At that point, I was unhappy with everyone – the seller, HP, and Microsoft. But I knew that I cannot be putting the blame entirely on the seller because he has got nothing to do with the issue which he sold in good condition.  A colleague from my office asked me what is wrong because he noticed my frustration. I told him all that had happened recently. “Did you update your windows?” he asked, and I replied “Yes”. Then he asked me to repeat after him, “I will never update windows”. I repeated after him three times. I had no idea what he did to my laptop afterwards in full detail, but my laptop was reborn. The audio problem was solved after a few attempts of reset or reinstall or something. He advised me not to update in the early stages of Microsoft updates but to wait for at least one or two months. I have absolutely no idea why. But he told me to read others’ reviews about updates. Let me share a little insight from my experience. This experience involved – ecommerce, customer service, warranty services, and so on. Even after going through all this, I still ended up buying a few more laptops from the seller, and even rated their store on Lazada five stars. Why? The seller was available and responsive when I had a problem with the product. He gave me contact numbers and web links to reach HP Malaysia. After all, I was satisfied with HP too because they thoroughly queried the issue and identified that the problem is not on their side. I am quite unhappy with Microsoft Malaysia Help Centre. Not Microsoft and its products as a whole, but because I did not receive any solution regarding the audio issue. You can buy almost any product on the internet e-commerce platforms. But most of us simply do not buy especially when it comes to machines that are industrial and manufacturing related parts. Many manufacturing or factory maintenance owners prefer to source for local and reliable vendors because they want to have a peace of mind knowing that they have a contact person whom is reachable if a machine or a particular industrial part malfunctions, damaged or even upon receiving a wrong item. Therefore, many manufacturing plants have their own preferred contacts/vendors responsible to source by building mutually benefiting relationships in the long run.  Tronserve is very much capable of doing exactly that in terms of building a community of common interests and mutual relationships. All sellers/vendors are required to be properly verified in order to be recommended to the end users. You can always call Tronserve for any faults upon dissatisfaction of a product or even a service. The sellers will then be able to take full responsibility on what they have sold, services provided or even warranty issuances to ensure that both parties will not be disappointed and feel cheated in anyway. On top of product vendors and service providers, Tronserve itself will be coming in soon into the Southeast Asia region with an Industry 4.0 solution. Your machines and manufacturing environments will be monitored 24/7 with this solution. You will not need to call anyone as your machines will be monitored through our platform. Tronserve will keep you constantly updated about the prospective faults in your machinery and direct you to the best solution.  Tronserve merchants will be reachable and responsible for their services and products. You may or may not experience such an issue same as I did. However rest assured that if such a time comes, Tronserve will be there for you. In the Tronserve community, profit will not just be interpreted as the amount of cash earned, but rather a real value added into the community which brings positive and lasting results or solutions for everyone.

Read more

Monday, 10th February 2020

Automation – No Need to Rip and Replace

Automation – No Need to Rip and ReplaceThe concept of full automation could be daunting, especially considering the cost, time and disruption that go into building a brand new factory or warehouse – this just isn’t a viable option for a large proportion of businesses. But full automation isn’t necessarily an appropriate strategy; there is no need to revolutionise the entire facility to achieve significant productivity and efficiency improvements.  As Dr Paul Rivers, CEO, Guidance Automation explains, tactical automation can be strategic.Balancing Vision with RealityTechnology is transforming every aspect of manufacturing and logistics. But while the ultimate vision may be a fully lights-out operation, delivering extraordinary levels of efficiency and accuracy 24x7 and leveraging real time data to optimise every process on the fly – the reality for the vast majority of business is very different. Few have the luxury of state of the art facilities and instead are wrestling with the challenges of escalating customer demands within space designed for very different processes. How can an organisation transition from a relatively static production line to incredibly short production runs in response to just-in-time ordering? Or embrace the dynamics of picking for multi-channel orders, with very different pick, pack and shipping requirements?The answer is to take a tactical approach to automation. These technologies – such as Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR) – are designed to work seamlessly with existing operations, from WMS to ERP, enabling rapid adoption with minimal disruption. With the right technology in the right place, companies can automate mundane, repetitive tasks – releasing the workforce to be upskilled to take on more intelligent or complex jobs.This key is to identify the right opportunities that can deliver immediate gains. For instance, why use an employee to pull a tug around the warehouse when an AMR is fully capable and safe to perform that role? Why endure the daily congestion created at shift change or break when all forklift trucks are returned to the same charging area, when AGVs can be deployed and charged far more flexibly, enabling route optimisation and avoiding congestion?Process ReviewSuccessfully adding automation to an existing environment requires organisations to undertake two key steps. Firstly, identify the right processes to automate. Secondly, be realistic and pragmatic about the affordable and achievable degree of change. By undertaking a process review and assessment, a company can better understand where automation can be simply and effectively deployed not only to gain productivity improvements but also release staff to take on other tasks.Furthermore by truly understanding the business objective of an initial investment in automation, companies can better determine the best approach to realising that goal. For example, adding both AGVs and mobile conveyors may deliver significant efficiency gains – but there is no need to introduce both technologies at once. These are incremental solutions that can be layered onto an existing operation over time. Plus, of course, these technologies provide a raft of real time data that provides invaluable insight to support on-going automation investment. It helps companies to identify problems and prioritise processes that would most benefit from automation.The additional benefit of this tactical approach is that it provides a gradual evolution for the workforce, enabling an organisation to manage expectations and build up new skillsets to ensure staff remain both motivated and valuable. They get a chance to become familiar with each stage of the automated process and enjoy the benefits – such as the reduction in heavy lifting.  ConclusionCall it Industry 4.0, automation or robotics – intelligent technologies will have a fundamental impact on the way manufacturing and logistics organisations operate. But change does not have to be wholesale. Taking a tactical approach to automation will deliver strategic benefit. Leverage current assets. Implement intelligence. And introduce automation in increments. There’s no need to rip and replace entire facilities.AUTOMATION

Read more

Friday, 7th February 2020

SK Chemical to Sell Biofuel Unit to Focus on Materials and Life Science

South Korea’s SK Chemical Co. has agreed to sell its biofuel unit to local private equity fund Hahn & Company to put more resources into its eco-friendly materials and life science business. The Kospi-listed company announced in a Thursday regulatory filing that it signed a contract to sell its entire biodiesel and bio-heavy oil business to Hahn & Company for 380 billion won ($321.1 million).SK Chemical said it will use the proceeds to strengthen its core businesses including high-performance materials and life science with an aim to achieve more sustainable growth in the future.SK Chemical has been ramping up R&D efforts and production of its self-developed polycyclohexylenedimethylene terephthalate (PCT), which is often called super engineering plastic for its high-strength and heat-resistance properties. PCT is widely applied to electronics and automotive industries. The company places a high bet on its copolyester PCT, which is free of bisphenol A (BPA), one of several environmental endocrine disruptors.The company has also been making significant investments in biopharmaceutical business. It developed a dementia treatment patch SID710 in 2010 to offer a novel drug delivery alternative for elderly dementia patients who have difficulty swallowing their medication. The drug was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) last November.SK CHEMICAL

Read more

Thursday, 9th January 2020

Ukrainian 737 Crash Offers More Bad News for Boeing

A Boeing 737-800 carrying Ukrainian International Airlines flight PS752 crashed on the outskirts of Tehran early Wednesday morning in Iran, killing all 176 on board. Iranian officials have issued statements that say they suspect the crash was caused by an engine fire. After initially agreeing, officials from the Ukrainian embassy walked back their comments and emphasized investigations are ongoing.The 737-800 jetliner is an earlier version of the 737 Max, which has been a major headache for Chicago-based Boeing Co. The older plane is not a 737 Max plane—those remain grounded worldwide—and lacks the software issues blamed for the Boeing 737 Max accidents in Malaysia and Ethiopia. The crashed plane underwent routine maintenance only two days before the crash, and the vice president of Ukraine International said that the plane was in good condition.Complicating the situation is the tense geopolitical situation between Iran and the United States. The crash occurred shortly after 6:10am local time, mere hours after Iran hit two Iraqi bases housing American troops with dozens of missiles.A spokesman for Iran’s Civil Aviation Organization said they would follow international protocols and allow the plane maker to help the investigation. The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board, which will require special permission to work in Iran, is monitoring the situation.Regardless of the cause of the crash, the latest high-profile aviation accident involving Boeing likely couldn’t have come at a worse time. The aerospace company is still working on restoring consumer confidence in its aircraft after 2019 saw Boeing face sustained grilling in front of Congress and upset airlines who lost money on grounded 737s. On Tuesday, Boeing recommended that airlines who purchase the new 737 Max planes put pilots through simulator training, after previously claiming costly simulators wouldn’t be necessary.In a statement, Boeing said, “This is a tragic event and our heartfelt thoughts are with the crew, passengers, and their families. We are in contact with our airline customer and stand by them in this difficult time. We are ready to assist in any way needed.”UKRAINIAN 737 CRASH

Read more

Thursday, 9th January 2020

Printing a Healthier Tomorrow

The true benefit of any technology advancement is its ability to solve ongoing issues. A recent collaboration between 3D Systems and Antleron sets the stage for a flexible, scalable digital factory approach, built on modular, closed parametric processes which include digital monitoring and quality control for risk mitigation. An example is to advance the way cells and tissues are grown to enable the transition from a static 2D to bioreactor-based 3D cell culture. This can lead to new ways to manufacture functional medical implants, vaccines, cell therapies and living tissues.Antleron has created an R&D facility at their headquarters in Leuven, Belgium - a location known as an incubator for medical and life science innovation - to support and validate customer projects in the field of 3D bioprinting. Antleron's living therapy factory merges cells, biomaterials, biologics, bioreactors and 3D Systems printers to accelerate the engineering of living therapies. Using quality-by-design and artificial intelligence the Antleron multidisciplinary specialists translate these core technologies into pioneering workflows that turn cells into therapies.The collaborative relationship between 3D Systems and Antleron addresses solutions for medical device and advanced therapy medicinal product (ATMP) applications, incorporating a variety of innovative technologies that are of benefit to biomedical manufacturing process, beginning with 3D Systems' ProJet MJP 2500 and Figure 4 3D printers and existing portfolio of 21 biocompatible, USP Class VI materials; 3D Sprint and 3DXpert software, and post-processing equipment and processes.3D Systems first entered the field of regenerative medicine in 2017 through a collaboration with United Therapeutics to develop transplantable lungs and other solid organs. 3D Systems’ role is to develop high resolution 3D printing systems for collagen-based hydrogel scaffolds, beginning with lung scaffolds. In this collaboration, 3D Systems is providing the 3D printing expertise and United Therapeutics is providing expertise in cell biology as well as in lung anatomy and therapy.“Based on this experience - alongside our bioprinting experience with United Therapeutics - we are interested in other ways to apply these technologies in the field of regenerative medicine as well as other clinical applications with biocomponents,” 3D Systems co-founder and CTO Chuck Hull tells IndustryWeek. “There are many medical applications for our technology, and we spend a lot of time looking at this to understand the opportunities. We work with a variety of participants in the field that all bring a unique expertise with the goal of developing the best possible solutions.” According to Hull, one of the key components at the very core of solutions for regenerative medicine is to have the proper 3D printing technology and materials. “To truly provide an environment for proper cell nutrition and growth, bioprinting requires the ability to print in very fine detail,” he says. “These collaborations result in solutions that incorporate the right workflow and materials to advance research, with the goal of providing patient therapies that positively impact quality of life. As we look to the future, bioprinting and regenerative medicine are large opportunities for 3D printing, and we look forward to expanding the role 3D Systems will play in these exciting fields."According to Antleron CEO, Jan Schrooten, "The vision of Antleron is to sustainably bring living therapies into the clinic. 3D printing is key to this endeavor, and we are eager to collaborate with 3D Systems and its experts. I look forward to the pioneering solutions we'll be able to achieve to elevate the efficacy of bioprinting and extend its biomedical application reach.”3D SYSTEMS AND ANTLERON 

Read more

Tuesday, 31st December 2019

Woowa Brothers Successfully Ends Test Operation of Food Delivery Robots

SEOUL -- Six-wheeled food delivery robots have successfully completed their test operation on a university campus in Seoul, traveling a total distance of 1,250 kilometers (776 miles). When students make orders using a delivery app, robots picked up food from nearby restaurants to deliver them to designated pickup spots.Woowa Brothers, the operator of South Korea's most popular food delivery service app Baedal Minjok, said on Monday that five "Dilly" robots have cleverly made a total of 2,219 delivery runs during a 25-day test operation that began at Konkuk University in November. About 90 delivery orders were made daily.Woowa said that it will develop upgraded and efficient robot delivery services based on data collected during the test run. "Students responded better than expected, and we received orders that exceeded our expectations every day," a Woowa official was quoted as saying. "Five robots went on delivery runs with no time to rest."In an effort to differentiate its services from other delivery service operators, Woowa, founded in 2011, has focused on converging technology with various delivery methods. Dilly, a lineup of autonomous delivery robots, has been tested at restaurants.Woowa and Yogiyo, the country's second-largest delivery service, joined hands earlier this month through the acquisition of shares to make an overseas foray into Southeast Asian countries. Delivery Hero, a Berlin-based online food delivery service which runs Yogiyo, agreed to acquire an 87 percent stake held by foreign and domestic investors in Woowa. The two companies agreed to set up an equally owned joint venture in Singapore.South Korea's food delivery service market is backed by some 200,000 workers who mainly use the transportation of motorcycles. Smartphone apps are used widely so that customers can order lunch boxes, salads and side dishes from local restaurants as well as food from special non-delivery restaurants. While many restaurants operate their own delivery workers, major online delivery services link their businesses with delivery agencies to offer services.WOOWA BROTHERS

Read more

Tuesday, 31st December 2019

The Decade That Made Space Fashionable Again: From The Shuttle’s Demise To A Tesla In Space

After a decade of incredible changes and achievements in space exploration, the Universe is back in fashion.The 2010s did not start particularly well. In 2011, NASA retired its Space Shuttle program, and the U.S. relinquished its position as a space power capable of crewed spaceflight. Almost a decade later, you could say that nothing’s changed, except it has. Everything has changed. The U.S. is now on the cusp of a new era of quasi-commercial crewed spaceflight thanks to SpaceX and now Boeing. More globally, we can look back at the 2010s as a decade that saw the exploration of new worlds and new frontiers by the likes of NASA, Europe’s ESA, Japan’s JAXA and China’s CNSA. It was a decade when crewed missions to Mars, and even Martian colonies, were openly discussed. Space caught the public’s attention and imagination in a way not seen since Apollo.  Here are a just a few of the moments that contributed to, and benefited from, a new-found lust for space exploration.  1. The final flight of NASA’s Space ShuttleThe decade started with a death. In 2011, NASA’s space shuttle Atlantis took the program’s last flight, but it got everyone asking a question: what happens next? It started to focus minds that had long since got tired of the same old missions to the International Space Station (ISS). The 33rd and final mission by space shuttle Atlantis—before it was installed as a museum exhibit in Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida—begun at 11:29 a.m. EDT on Friday, July 8, 2011 from NASA's Kennedy Space Center. This 135th shuttle mission (STS-135) lasted 12 days and landed on July 21. The U.S. still doesn’t have a way to send astronauts to space from its own territory, and for now relies on Russia, but SpaceX and Boeing are about to change that. Despite delays, the U.S. getting its own launch capability back has been a constant source of public interest in space throughout the 2020s.China's moon rover on the lunar surface. CNSA2. China becomes a space superpowerThere’s a decent chance that we’ll look back at the first few decades of this century as being most notable for the emergence of China as the pre-eminent spacefaring nation of the 21st century. After becoming only the third country to launch astronauts into orbit in 2003, there followed a space station, a moon landing and, in the last decade, two Tiangong space stations and two successful Chang’e missions to land on, and explore, the lunar surface. The most recent in 2019 was a daring trip to the moon’s far side that required a relay satellite in a very complicated halo orbit. It doesn’t rush things, it doesn’t make much noise about its plans, and it’s PR is terrible, but the China National Space Administration (CNSA) is going places … next stop a lunar rock return by Chang’e-5, a space station, a moon base and summer 2020’s Huoxing mission to Mars. If nothing else, the 2010s saw a billion people take an interest in space exploration for the first time.3. SpaceX’s reusable rocket boostersThere was one private company in the 2010s that was more responsible for the new interest in space exploration that any other. So much so that many in the U.S. appear to now think that NASA and SpaceX are in competition with each other.It was all about money. In a bid to drive down costs and speed up flights, Elon Musk’s SpaceX experimented rocket boosters that could be re-used, thus saving money and making trips to space much cheaper. That meant landing boosters after the payload had gone into orbit. It worked, and as well as being a tremendous technical achievement, iconic views of boosters landing back on the launchpad was also a massive PR success for SpaceX. There were plenty of big moments for SpaceX. One was the sending of Musk’s own Tesla Roadster—“driven” by a mannequin called Starman dressed in a spacesuit—into orbit of the Sun after a test flight of the Falcon Heavy in February 2018. Another was Elon Musk’s appearance on “The Late Show with Stephen Colbert”; he famously said Mars could be warmed up by “dropping thermonuclear weapons over the poles” of Mars. Musk’s Mars obsession stretched to headline-grabbing plans for Mars colonies and interplanetary transport systems. SpaceX ended the decade marred in controversy over the effect on astronomy of its Starlink mega-constellation of satellites—and all for a rather uninteresting broadband internet service. However, with Crew Dragon and Starship on the horizon, the 2020s are nevertheless a mouth-watering prospect for SpaceX fans ... and who isn’t a SpaceX fan?4. Curiosity Has LandedDid you watch the video? Eight years later it can still make the hairs on the back of your neck stand up. Landing on the red planet on August 6, 2012, NASA's Curiosity rover has been hunting for evidence of Mars' habitable past and has sent back some incredible photos of the Martian surface—in particular this huge 15,000-pixel-wide mosaic of Mount Sharp. However, it’s Curiosity’s arrival that has to rank up there with the great moments of space exploration.5. Cassini at SaturnAlthough their scientific worth is incalculable, un-crewed robotic missions do tend to struggle to capture the public’s imagination. Not so NASA’s Cassini, which spent most of the 2010’s sending back jaw-dropping images that reminded everyone why Saturn is our favourite planet … apart from Earth. Cassini helped reveal a global ocean on Enceladus, an icy moon of Saturn, but publicity-wise it’s finest moment came when, in July 2013, it moved 750,000 miles behind Saturn with regard to the Sun, creating an eclipse (above) that included Earth 900 million miles away. Gulp. Baily's Beads and a double diamond ring effect at the end of totality of the moon eclipsing the sun during The Great American Total Solar Eclipse on August 21, 2017 at Sesquicentennial State Park in Columbia, South Carolina. (Photo by Chris McKay/WireImage) WIREIMAGE6. The ‘Great American Eclipse’Total solar eclipses happen roughly every 18 months, but mostly they occur at sea or in unpopulated areas. They’re expensive to travel to. So the arrival of a coast-to-coast “Great American Eclipse” stretching from Oregon to South Carolina on August 21, 2017, was a massive cause for celebration. Most Americans just didn’t get it, didn’t travel to the narrow “path of totality” to glimpse the solar corona, and will probably never know what they missed. However, for those that did get clued-up and travel to experience totality, it was life-changing—as eclipse-chaser David Barron eloquently explained in a TED talk. If you’ve never experienced a total solar eclipse, what exactly is on your bucket list? North America will get another chance in April 2024.An artist's concept of the alien planet Kepler-452b, the first near-Earth-size alien planet to be discovered in the habitable zone of a sunlike star. NASA unveiled the exoplanet discovery on July 23, 2015. 

Read more

Monday, 16th December 2019

AI Puts Final Notes on Beethoven's Tenth Symphony

[BERLIN] A few notes scribbled in his notebook are all that German composer Ludwig van Beethoven left of his Tenth Symphony before his death in 1827.Now, a team of musicologists and programmers is racing to complete a version of the piece using artificial intelligence, ahead of the 250th anniversary of his birth next year."The progress has been impressive, even if the computer still has a lot to learn," said Christine Siegert, head of archives at Beethoven House in the composer's hometown of Bonn.Ms Siegert said she was "convinced" that Beethoven would have approved since he too was an innovator at the time, citing his compositions for the panharmonicon - a type of organ that reproduces the sounds of wind and percussion instruments. And she insisted the work would not affect his legacy because it would never be regarded as part of his oeuvre.The final result of the project will be performed by a full orchestra on April 28 next year in Bonn, a centrepiece of celebrations for a composer who defined the romantic era of classical music.Beethoven, Germany's most famous musical figure, is so loved in his homeland that a duty to prepare for the anniversary was written into the governing coalition's agreement in 2013. The year of celebrations begins on December 16 - believed to be his 249th birthday - with the opening of his home in Bonn as a museum after extensive renovation.'SCOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT' Beethoven began working on the Tenth Symphony alongside his Ninth, which includes the world-famous "Ode To Joy". But he quickly gave up on the Tenth, leaving only a few notes and drafts by the time he died aged 57.In the project, machine-learning software has been fed all of Beethoven's work and is now composing possible continuations of the symphony in the composer's style.Deutsche Telekom, which is sponsoring the project, hopes to use the findings to develop technology such as voice recognition. The team said the first results a few months ago were seen as too mechanical and repetitive but the latest AI compositions have been more promising.Barry Cooper, a British composer and musicologist who himself wrote a hypothetical first movement for the Tenth Symphony in 1988, was more doubtful. "I listened to a short excerpt that has been created. It did not sound remotely like a convincing reconstruction of what Beethoven intended," said Cooper, a professor at the University of Manchester and the author of several works on Beethoven. "There is, however, scope for improvement with further work."Prof Cooper warned that "in any performance of Beethoven's music, there is a risk of distorting his intentions" but this was particularly the case for the Tenth Symphony as the German composer had left only fragmentary material.Similar AI experiments based on works by Bach, Mahler and Schubert have been less than impressive. A project earlier this year to complete Schubert's Eighth Symphony was seen by some reviewers as being closer to an American film soundtrack than the Austrian composer's work.BEETHOVEN'S TENTH SYMPHONY

Read more

-