IBM and Partner with White House to Provide Compute Resources For COVID-19 Research
During today’s White House coronavirus task force press conference, President Trump announced the launch of a new public/private consortium to “unleash the power of American supercomputing resources.” The members of this consortium are the White House, the Department of Energy and IBM . Other companies, including Google, Amazon and Microsoft, as well as a number of academic institutions, are also “contributing lots of different things,” the president said.While Trump’s comments were characteristically unclear, IBM provided more details, noting that it is working with a number of national labs and other institutions to offer a total of 330 petaflops of compute to various projects in epidemiology, bioinformatics and molecular modeling. Amazon, Google and Microsoft are also part of the consortium, which is being led by IBM, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Department of Energy.IBM and its partners will coordinate the efforts to evaluate proposals and provide access to high-performance computing resources to those that are most likely to have an immediate impact.“How can supercomputers help us fight this virus? These high-performance computing systems allow researchers to run very large numbers of calculations in epidemiology, bioinformatics, and molecular modeling. These experiments would take years to complete if worked by hand, or months if handled on slower, traditional computing platforms,” writes Dario Gil, IBM’s Director of Research.AWS has already dedicated $20 million to support COVID-19 research while Microsoft has already announced a number of different initiatives, though mostly around helping businesses cope with the fallout of this crisis. Google has now launched its own coronavirus website (though it’s very different from the one Trump once promised) and Alphabet’s Verily is helping Bay Area residents find testing sites if needed.After today’s announcement, the White House shared statements from Microsoft, Google and other partners. “We know that high performance computing can reduce the time it takes to process massive data sets and perform complex simulations from days to hours,” said Mike Daniels, Vice President, Global Public Sector at Google Cloud, in his statement. “We look forward to participating in this initiative alongside leaders in technology, academia, and the public sector to make more resources available to COVID-19 researchers and to apply Google Cloud computing capabilities toward the development of potential treatments and vaccines.”Similarly, Microsoft’s global head for its AI for Health Program, John Kahan, notes that Microsoft wants to “make sure researchers working to combat COVID-19 have access to the tools they need” by expanding access to its Azure cloud and by creating more opportunities for researchers to collaborate with the company’s data scientists.“Today I’m also announcing the launch of a new public/private consortium organized by the White House, the Department of Energy and IBM to unleash the power of American supercomputing resources to fight the Chinese virus,” Trump, who continues to insist on calling COVID-19 ‘the Chinese virus,’ said in today’s press briefing.“The following leaders from private industries, academia and government will be contributing and they are gonna be contributing a lot of different things, but compute primarily — computing resources to help researchers discover new treatments and vaccine. They will be working along with NIH and all of the people working on this. But tremendous help from IBM, Google, Amazon, Microsoft, MIT, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the Department of Energy’s, the National Science Foundation and NASA. They are all contributing to this effort.”TECHCRUNCH
Electric Vehicle Adoption
Racing has been a part of the automotive culture since its invention, with the first one dating as early as 1867. From the adrenaline rush that takes off with the first throaty rev of the engines to the protesting screech as 40 3,300-pound machines drill down the asphalt at 200 miles-per-hour, there is something exhilarating and intoxicating about the whole white-knuckled experience. Yet beyond the literal imagery of cars going around the track, the automotive industry has always been in a race. And this specific race on electric vehicle adoption will rely on unprecedented collaboration within an ever-evolving industry structure.The largest automakers in the world have made public statements about their electrification plans. Ford, for example, is making an $11 billion investment in electric vehicles by 2022, looking to add 40 electrified vehicles to their portfolios. Sixteen of these cars are expected to be fully electric, while the rest will be plug-in hybrids. Nissan has set an even more ambitious goal: to sell 1 million electrified vehicles annually by 2022. Meanwhile, BMW says it will offer 25 electrified vehicles by 2025, at least 12 of which will be fully electric. All in all, automotive manufacturers are making substantial investments into electric vehicle adoption, promising that more than 100 different battery-powered cars will be on the market over the next few years.In conjunction with all the investments and plans by automakers, consumer sentiment toward sustainability has been on the rise over the last decade. With carbon emissions, climate change and other environmental concerns, consumers are expecting brands to take a stand and provide “green” products. According to a November 2018 survey, 88 percent of consumers in the USA and UK want brands to help them be more environmentally friendly and ethical in their daily life. As consumer sentiment seems to be on the rise for sustainability, that rise has been a slow one for electric vehicle adoption. Whereas only 7 percent of car shoppers said they were likely to consider purchasing an electric vehicle in 2010, 15 percent say they will likely own one in the next five years. Thirty-four percent affirmed they will likely adopt an electric car in the next decade, the study states. This may have to do with the expectation gap of what consumers want and their perception of what is available. A UCLA Anderson study states that 67 percent of consumers view green products as too expensive or lower quality than traditional ones. The verdict? Expect a lot of activity in the next two to seven years to prepare for mass-market adoption of full-electric vehicles during the next 15-20 years. In fact, nearly six out of 10 believe that the mass adoption of full-electric vehicles will not hit until after 2030, according to Jabil’s Managing Automotive Trends survey. There is a lot of work to be done. Download the survey report.Four Big Factors Toward Electric Vehicle AdoptionThe race to the mass adoption of full-electric vehicles is not a smooth ride. Responses from Jabil survey participants show that automakers are working through challenges in nearly every stage of the production process. They listed the following as their main factors: regulations, infrastructure, manufacturing and consumer acceptance.RegulationsClimate change, fuel efficiency and carbon emissions are ongoing concerns for the general population, and regulatory policies worldwide are driving the mandate for more eco-friendly, increasingly electrified electric vehicles as a result – think hybrids, plug-in hybrids and fully electric vehicles. The European Union (EU), China and U.S. are some of the largest vehicle markets in the world, and they are leading the automotive industry with specific goals and requirements in the race towards more fuel-efficient vehicles. For example, the European Union has set out proposals for new CO2 targets for 2030, forcing manufacturers to cut average emissions by 30 percent from 2021 levels. Fines for not achieving these targets will be significant. Outside the automotive industry, other transportation industries are adopting new vehicle types at a faster rate – possibly because they don’t share the same “adoption” issues faced with consumer vehicles. Urban buses, for example, are the fastest growing segment of the electric vehicle market today, with a CAGR of more than 100 percent since 2013. In Europe, most urban buses are expected to use electric power by 2030, meeting the mandates set by local governments. Infrastructure and Power GridOne of the biggest obstacles of electric vehicle adoption is the charging infrastructure required to keep cars running. To keep these cars running, we need strategically positioned charging infrastructure in the places where people live and work. Jabil survey participants agree on the challenges faced in this arena. Nearly half say charging infrastructure work and another 44 percent say the management of power grid will be keys to the mass adoption of electric vehicles. Different structural setups will be required to accommodate differing city layouts. While a densely populated place like New York City with high-rise residential buildings may need charging stations in garages and gas stations, a place like Tampa, Florida, where single-family home units are more common may require individual charging options in each house. There is no single solution that will work for every city or country. For instance, when the first Tesla rolled out, users had two charging options: charge the electric vehicle at home, or don’t charge and risk the battery running out. This changed rapidly as Tesla introduced global charging network to keep people on the road. Naturally, as electric vehicle ownership increases, energy companies need to determine how the power grid can support enough stations. Progress has been made in this area - today it’s common to see charging stations at office buildings and shopping malls – but many more will be needed to support mass electric vehicle adoption. Manufacturing and OutsourcingThe increasing launches of electric vehicles will, of course, have a knock-on effect through the automotive value chain. Accelerating speed-to-market of new enabling technology, and ensuring sufficient component supply to support manufacturing, are two core areas that are being looked at across the automotive supply base. Given it is impractical for a single company to invest in everything required to deliver electric vehicles to the mass market – we expect to see changes in design and manufacturing trends. According to the Jabil survey, 65 percent of the automaker respondents say their organization currently owns a majority of the electrification design work, but only 40 percent plan to retain design ownership in-house over the next five years. Additionally, 58 percent say their organization currently owns the manufacturing of electrification technologies, with over a quarter of them looking for opportunities to outsource in the future.This suggests that automakers will increasingly outsource design and manufacturing operations to strategic partners bringing specialist knowledge, allowing the automakers to focus resources and financial investments on their core competencies. Then, there is the supply chain required to facilitate the mass electric vehicle adoption. Today’s standard combustion engine car has up to 3,000 capacitors; however, this number skyrockets to nearly 22,000 multi-layer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs) for a single electric car. As consumer electronics and the automotive industries battle for ‘passive’ components, it is likely that prices will increase. It will be essential for automakers to partner with suppliers who can manage supply networks required to bring new technology to market. Especially considering the ongoing passive component shortages, the increasing adoption of electrified vehicles may result in supply chain friction.Consumer AcceptanceFinally, we look at the consumer acceptance of new vehicle types. Data shows that consumers are becoming more receptive to electric vehicles. But for mass-market adoption, electric vehicles must first provide a consistent experience at the same level as or better than ICE cars. This will happen when consumers feel confident about three things: cost, how far they can drive on a single charge, and the ability/speed with which to charge the vehicle.As this article from Forbes points out – at first sight, many consumers believe that electric vehicles cost more than conventional cars, and for a buyer who is not typically thinking long-term, first impressions matter. However, the reality is that the cost of ownership for electric cars will be less than half of a gasoline-powered vehicle. The average cost to operate an electric vehicle in the US is $485 per year, towered by the average of $1,117 for a traditional car, according to the University of Michigan’s Transportation Research Institute. Add to that the lack of maintenance costs for electric vehicles, and suddenly a higher vehicle purchase price does not sound so bad. The cost of an electric vehicle may seem like an initial barrier, but there are other issues that need to be addressed to increase customer acceptance. Range anxiety is top of mind. As discussed earlier, greater charging infrastructure is required to increase confident that drivers won’t run out of charge while they are out. The average range of an electric vehicle today is 194 miles compared to the range of traditional gasoline vehicles which is 418 miles. That gap is steadily closing - as improved battery technology will support new vehicles offering ranges over 300 miles. The range isn’t the only issue however. Charging speed is also a consideration. For mass-market adoption, the charging experience must be as close as possible to going to the gas station and filling up the tank. Basically – quick and easy. Again, the evolution in battery technology and charging systems are quickly overcoming these concerns. Multiple types/levels of charging are available, with the fastest delivering 60 to 80 miles of range in 20 minutes of charging. According to a study by FullyCharged, a massive 88 percent of consumers who own an electric vehicle would not return to ICE-powered cars. This means that most consumers who make the transition to electric vehicles end up loving their experience. Then, the question is, are we doing enough to educate consumers on the realities and benefits of owning an electric car? When the industry starts doing a better job of that, we’ll be in a much better place. This is an age of opportunity for the automotive industry. While there are mass adoption challenges to overcome, the power of connected, autonomous, shared and electrified vehicles bring an undeniable potential to transform the world. It will be just a matter of time until consumers first choice of vehicle has an electrified powertrain.” Yet it is important to remember that no manufacturer or provider can do this alone. This is a race that requires collaboration and partnership. JABIL
Car Talk with Inventor Jack McCauley and Jabil’s Trevor Neumann
While Jack McCauley may not be a household name, his creations sure are. If you’ve ever wailed a solo playing Guitar Hero or peered through an Oculus apparatus to escape into virtual reality, you have enjoyed just a few of Jack’s engineering feats.Jack launched a new blog ahead of CES 2020 that explores a variety of topics and ideas that interest him, from virtual and augmented reality to artificial intelligence (AI) to electric vehicles. Recently, Jack sat down with Jabil’s Trevor Neumann, vice president of business development, automotive, to discuss the future of automotive production.Jack gave us permission to publish the interview here. We encourage you to visit the original piece and other interesting design and engineering content at Jack’s blog, as well.Jack: How has Jabil’s business increased over the past 7 years concerning auto tech?Trevor: In Jabil’s 50-plus year history, we’ve seen considerable evolution in the electronics and technology needed to run all types of vehicles. Looking further back, we saw a big change when many simple mechanical systems changed to electrical systems, such as unlocking cars, opening windows, positioning seats, etc. But in recent years, the evolution has been much faster and more sophisticated. Jabil now supports our customers in bringing a much broader range of products to market—from the more common, such as navigation and infotainment, to enabling more advanced technologies such as critical safety systems. Probably the most significant area of evolution in the automotive industry impacting Jabil today, is in the increasing electrification of the powertrain. The electronics required to support HEV’s, PHEV’s and EV’s are so much larger and more sophisticated than traditional internal combustion engines. This has provided Jabil an opportunity to leverage our history in contract manufacturing with our experience of working in the automotive industry, supporting our customers in bringing to market automotive-grade technology that improves vehicle connectivity, energy-efficiency and safety.Jack: Have you seen an increase in auto tech complexity?Trevor: Yes, I think an interesting example of how the industry has changed is the work Tesla has done in bringing a pure-play electric vehicle to the mass-market. Their ability to build a computer network first and then a car has allowed them to leapfrog the industry with delivering certain technologies very efficiently, such as over-the-air (OTA) updates. The more traditional automotive companies have such a deep history and expertise in combustion engine-based vehicles, this push helped energize a reexamining of their packaging and design philosophy, into planning how they need to move electronics and computer systems through their vehicles.Connectivity is a big area of change and opportunity. The OEM can now interface with the car and consumer in new and exciting ways to deliver changes or provide additional post-sale features. That’s a whole new industry and opportunity of which we are just scratching the surface on the benefits. Then there’s autonomy. At some point in the future, we will not be driving anymore. Regulations will greatly dictate the parameters of autonomous driving, relating to liability and rules of the road. It remains to be seen exactly how this will be managed. The World Economic Forum is doing a lot of great work here to help us understand and lead us towards a positive outcome. Everyone is predicting different timing for when autonomous vehicles will be mass adopted. We will see a lot of development here over the next 10 years.Year over year, we’ve seen the evolution of in-auto technology, the consolidation of components that used to be distributed or decentralized within the car as well as the addition of new technology. In particular, we’re seeing a lot of exciting work with cameras; for example, Jabil has been able to leverage our optics work in consumer industries and we are applying it to automotive ADAS technology.Jack: How does Jabil foresee their business model evolving over the next 10 years in terms of the percentage of auto components/electronics?Trevor: One of the bigger changes we’ve started to see is that the transaction and supply chain model has moved from a traditional OEM to large tier-one suppliers, to the increased use of contract manufacturers for select technologies. We’re vertically integrated, providing design engineering and manufacturing support, in addition to having one of the world's largest supply chains. We’re investing in these capabilities for a couple of reasons – firstly, we enable first-time manufacturable designs which accelerates speed-to-market, and secondly to ensure consistent, automotive-grade quality of new technology.It is really difficult to predict the future with automotive having so many divergent changes; what is critical for Jabil is staying extremely close to our customers, continuing to learn what their needs are and pivoting quickly to meet these needs. That is, to me, a key benefit of our company: that we can onboard solutions to meet our customers’ needs with speed not typically found in the automotive industry. There is no doubt that increased connectivity, autonomy and electrification are part of the future of the automotive industry, and that we need to pay attention to the legal, insurance, and regulatory aspects of these innovations.Jack: What's your view on the future of autonomous vehicles?Trevor: I’ve had the opportunity to participate in industry conferences at which there were interesting discussions about societal changes impacted by the adoption of autonomous vehicles. In short: how neighborhoods and cities would change as a result of full autonomy. Parking lots wouldn’t really exist anymore in cities, as cars could sit outside the city to be called in as needed. Visually, space is cleaned up, our ubiquitous traffic signs which guide people through their driving experiences - all that goes away. Roads would change - take a six-lane wide roadway, it wouldn’t have to be fixed with three lanes going one way, three the other at all times. The lanes could be switched out digitally based on the traffic patterns and needs of the moment within an autonomously managed municipality.There is no doubt that autonomous vehicles will be with us in the future. In fact, they already are in specific controlled people-moving environments such as airports or campuses. I think the industry as a whole has realized that the task of normal autonomous driving in complex urban areas is very complex indeed and will take longer than initially thought to solve. Large sensor suites, massive on-board computing power, huge amounts of data, Artificial Intelligence and the Cloud all provide cost and technical challenges which Jabil is helping its customers to overcome. In the meantime, development continues apace to add sensor-based advanced assistance features to vehicles providing a greater level of safety on the road to full autonomy.The research and development going on in the automotive space is faster than it was in the past, with so many big changes planned, changes that will have an impact on a global scale - and autonomy is certainly one of the most significant.Now, I’ve a question for you, Jack – how are you adopting your experience with the video game industry, VR in particular, to changing the car driver experience and the car itself? Whether it’s at a safety level, an entertainment level, or some other challenge you’re excited about solving in the automotive space.For example, I love the vision your son shared with you when you were driving through Spain together, the idea of having all the road signs become digital and shown via augmented reality on the windshield, adapting to road conditions. That’s a great example of tech that speaks to the safety perspective but also to the convenience of the driver, as well as the environmental benefits of removing those signs from all over the world. I’d like to hear more about your vision for VR and AR in the automotive space, what you feel each has to contribute and how you’d differentiate those technologies.Jack: Thanks, Trevor, that’s a great question! At the heart of my vision for AR in the automotive space, based on my VR experience, is to create the three-dimensional (3D) illusions found in VR, but applied to distant objects in map applications. To the human eye, distant objects appear in 2D rather than 3D. Think of looking at trees from far away; your perspective makes it appear that when you turn your head, the tree moves with respect to foregroundC objects. Taking that principle and applying it to an AR road sign in the map application you mention, one wouldn’t need stereo vision to give the illusion of 3D perspective. There’s no need for stereopsis for distant objects, just the perspective rendering of them.On my son’s idea, you’ll need accurate position tracking of the head and the eyes of the driver. This would entail accurate pupillary tracking and head and neck position.I’ve greatly enjoyed our conversation – keep me updated on the innovative work you’re doing with Jabil!JABIL
Biggest Factory Closing Since World War II Hits US, Europe
The economic impact of the growing coronavirus outbreak is shifting from service-driven industries like hotels and restaurants to the manufacturing sector on both sides of the Atlantic, leading to a synchronized shutdown of heavy industry that historians and industry experts say is unlike any seen since the 1940s.Automakers in the U.S. and Europe are idling plants in response to the crisis, echoing the industrial shutdown in China that reverberated through global supply chains earlier this year and adding to the case that a global recession may already be under way.It also may justify President Donald Trump’s declaration March 18 that he has become a “wartime president” leading the fight against an “invisible enemy” in the virus.Among Trump’s moves was his authorization of powers under the Defense Production Act, which was established at the time of the Korean War to allow the government to direct industrial capacity. Larry Kudlow, his top economic adviser, later told Fox News that the administration was already in discussions with General Motors Co. and other automakers to start producing ventilators vital to treating people affected by the virus.Industrial TransformationSuch a move to retool and shift production dramatically would echo the industrial transformation seen in the 1940s as factories moved from producing consumer goods like cars to turning out tanks and guns for the war effort on both sides of the Atlantic.But since then, experts couldn’t recall a similar synchronized shutdown in such a huge portion of the global auto industry. The closures in Europe and the U.S. announced this week follow hits the industry has taken in other big producing nations like China, Japan and South Korea.“I don’t know that there is an analog in recent history. World War II might be the best analogy,” said Kristin Dziczek, head of research at the Center for Automotive Research in Ann Arbor, Michigan. “Every automaker? Every region in the world? I don’t think that has ever happened.”Data released Thursday gave a glimpse of the deterioration that’s coming. Filings for U.S. unemployment benefits rose by 70,000 to 281,000 in the week ended March 14, according to Labor Department figures. The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia’s survey of factories showed conditions in the area worsened in March by the most on record.Better ParallelTimothy Guinnane, an economic historian at Yale University, argues the better parallel may be with what came after the end of the war in 1945, specifically with post-war Germany, “where the whole country came to a halt for a few months.”Guinnane argues the shutdown now under way in Europe and the U.S. follows an encouraging example in China where life has started to return to normal after a six-week closure. Plus, he said, it’s not clear -- yet -- that there will be longer-lasting damage to the U.S. economy.“If you waved a hand and got rid of the virus tomorrow we’d be back to normal in a week,” Guinnane said. “So it’s not like a war.”That may be the hopeful view. JPMorgan Chase & Co. economists titled a note to clients about the global slowdown “The day the earth stood still.”“There is no longer doubt that the longest global expansion on record will end this quarter,” they wrote.Dziczek says a week of lost auto sales in the U.S. alone is equivalent to losing 94,400 jobs, $7.3 billion in personal income and $2 billion in tax revenue.The damage to the auto sector this time will depend on how long the shutdowns last. But the auto sector around the world, Dziczek says, is in far better shape than it was in 2008 -- when the global financial crisis led to government bailouts and a grinding crisis that saw mass layoffs and the permanent closure of many plants.Trade WarsThe shutdowns this time, however, are also coming after a bad 2019 for manufacturers around the globe. Many were battered by the impact of Trump’s trade wars and tariffs on supply chains and a slump in business investment. Europe’s industrial giant, Germany, was teetering on the edge of recession before the coronavirus crisis hit. U.S. manufacturers saw their production contract by 0.2% in 2019.The path forward looks grimmer still. China’s manufacturing output fell 15.7% in January and February from a year earlier, according to official data earlier this week. The result is that China is now expected to record its slowest growth since 1976, the year Mao Zedong died and the Cultural Revolution ended.In Germany, car companies are expected to shut down for about two weeks, leading to a significant dislocation in workers. Volkswagen AG is Europe’s largest industrial company and employs about 475,000 people on the Continent.In the U.S. the closures have spread beyond the Detroit three with Hyundai Motor Co., Honda Motor Co. and Toyota Motor Corp. announcing temporary closings Wednesday, while VW had already shuttered its Chattanooga, Tennessee, plant.Supplier NetworksAlso affected are carmakers’ vast supplier networks, already shaky as a result of the shutdown in China. Ford had been forced to shut a plant in Chicago because a seating supplier halted output to clean after a worker tested positive for the virus. At a Mercedes-Benz plant in Alabama, managers have warned that the shutdown in Europe may force production to stop soon because of a lack of parts.The impetus for the auto plant closures in the U.S. isn’t entirely economic. They came after Detroit automakers capitulated to worker demands to shutter factories because of concerns on the factory floor about the spread of the virus.GM, Ford Motor Co. and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV all said Wednesday they would halt production through the end of March to sanitize plants and adjust to a dropoff in auto sales.Automakers had been trying to work out a compromise with union leaders that would allow them to keep production lines running by stepping up cleaning and staggering shifts to put workers at a greater distance from each other. But that became more difficult as cases of the virus began to appear in plants.'Scared, Frustrated'Two Fiat Chrysler workers -- one at a transmission plant in Indiana and another at a truck plant in Michigan -- had tested positive for the virus as of Wednesday, while Ford confirmed two cases among its U.S. workforce and GM has one.“Our members are scared, frustrated, and there is panic amongst them,” LaShawn English, president of UAW Local 1264, which represents Fiat workers at a Michigan stamping plant, wrote in a letter Tuesday to CEO Mike Manley. “We are pleading that you make a stance today and temporarily halt production.”Still, like other workers now confronting changed circumstances, many autoworkers are also displaying plenty of forbearance.“There’s no bad guy here. This is unchartered territory for all of us,” said Bruce Baumhower, president of UAW Local 12 in Toledo, Ohio, which represents workers at a plant producing the Jeep Wrangler SUV. “If things deteriorate more over the next two weeks, we’ll just need more time off. We just can’t put our people in that kind of environment. The jobs are tough enough to do and fully concentrate on without worrying about staying alive.”INDUSTRYWEEK
3 Ways Additive Manufacturing Boosts the Aerospace Industry
Aerospace has been utilizing additive manufacturing for years, but the inherent value of the 3D printing process and the impact it can have on aviation is only now really beginning to break onto the global stage. And global is the right way to think about it, as only additive manufacturing (AM) can meet the domestic-only production demands of the U.S. Defense industry, while enabling commercial aerospace operators to maintain perfectly balanced inventory levels at any facility around the world. And, all while providing Just-In-Time (JIT) production support for a variety of component types and volume requirements.So how exactly is additive manufacturing able to achieve such lofty goals, and are these capabilities more hype than substance? The reality is that additive processes do have plenty to offer the aerospace industry, and here are the top three key advantages AM brings to the table:#1 AM Redefines On-Demand ManufacturingOn-demand is typically a concept dealing with time, but additive manufacturing expands on the idea to make it one not only of chronology, but also of geography. No matter the certifications or qualifications required, this manufacturing process can utilize common equipment without part-specific tooling to produce specialized components anywhere on the planet.What this means for U.S. defense forces is that they can access facilities close to vital airbases or produce directly in-theater to source critical parts certified to the required standards. Printers can now be found anywhere from forward Marine Corps bases to aircraft carriers to meet mission-critical needs. And for the civilian aviation industry, “just right” inventory levels can be maintained at international hub facilities to sustain production at maximum efficiency.#2 AM Exponentially Reduces Costs Across Multiple Avenues of ProductionWhat do we mean by “just right?” Imagine a facility sitting right next door to a manufacturer and not being limited to running singular parts produced by injection molding or other legacy technology. Instead, multiple parts can be produced on an as-needed basis simultaneously. When the limitations of hard tooling are eliminated, inventory and operations expenses can shrink dramatically. Additive processes can eliminate non-recurring costs for hard tools and infrastructure (tooling, maintenance and storage) as the digital file and documentation are what’s required to generate the part geometry. AM enhances process control and production flow efficiencies that can be dropped into geographically independent facilities anywhere in the world (once the dependency on a hard tool is eliminated). This ability to duplicate and replicate production centers anywhere in the world means that the web of infrastructure has increase without additional part-specific investment. A whole family or a single part can be produced whenever and wherever needed.Since additive manufacturing does not limit part design to a single geometry as with a tooled process, you can optimize similar components and gain the best performance in the application. Further driving down overall weight while increasing performance and decreasing required volume or part manufactured for a specific airframe. And the flexibility of producing a cost-effective finished products can ultimately translate into a successful bidding process for the manufacturer.#3 AM Weaves a Complex, Flexible Digital ThreadIn today’s highly competitive aviation environment, manufacturers need to look at their production environments holistically and develop a process that can grow with them well into the future. One of the strengths of additive manufacturing is that it can integrate with existing legacy technologies when it makes the most sense. Traditional technologies still make the most sense in certain applications, but if everything is tied together with a “digital thread” that can synch all production across the manufacturing ecosystem, you can leverage the flexibility and cost-effectiveness of additive manufacturing at the best possible moment for your operations.JABIL
What’s the minimum specification for someone buying a PC?
I am working on a project that helps various groups in the community to become more PC proficient, and some clients now wish to purchase their own systems for the first time. What is the best advice to give them about specifications etc, bearing in mind their finite budgets?''A user who wants a desktop PC to deal with email and social media, office files, surfing the web and streaming some video will also need to buy peripherals, including a monitor. Some will need a printer. Often the advice will be to get the best PC possible, but they may not get the full benefit if other parts of the system are too compromised. DavidAlmost every PC on the market will perform basic tasks such as writing emails and browsing the web. Even cheap laptops can run Microsoft Office and its rival suites, which are relatively lightweight by today’s standards. Most can also do simple photo and video editing, though rendering and other video processing tasks can take a very long time. The problem is not so much the type of task as the resources required by the software and the size of your files.Any PC should be able to handle a one-page letter and post messages on Facebook. Editing 500-page illustrated books or Excel spreadsheets with millions of cells is a different proposition.Either way, it’s better to have too much power than too little. It makes everyday computing more comfortable, and provides some future-proofing. Peripherals are peripheral, and replaceable.Buy desktops, if possibleI don’t want to repeat last week’s description of the desktop’s advantages over laptops in terms of expandability, reparability and upgradeability, but someone on a finite budget can start with a cheap refurbished desktop and improve it as they go along. But this is only worthwhile if the CPU is fast enough to last a few years, when you can replace the PC and keep the peripherals.For example, you can start with 4GB of memory, a traditional hard drive, a cast-off screen and a cheap printer, and improve the system when you can afford new parts. Most desktops can now handle up to 32GB or more memory – check first – and you can replace a slow hard drive with a fast, chip-based SSD. You can easily replace the original monitor with a bigger, brighter screen, which you can’t do with a laptop.Short of replacing the motherboard, most desktop PCs are easy to upgrade, once you overcome the fear factor. Often there are YouTube videos to show you how it’s done.Most desktop PCs are easy to upgrade if you don’t get intimidated by the process. Photograph: Patrik Slezak/AlamyMonitors have improved a lot in the past decade. You can now buy them for £100 or less, so that’s what I usually recommend. The corollary is that most older screens are not worth very much second hand, no matter how much they cost when new.Second hand printers are even less attractive, unless they are proper business machines or laser printers. Consumer inkjets are cheap and disposable because the real money is made supplying ink cartridges.You may be able to source hardware cheaply, from refurbishers, or free. A worthy community group might be able to get a local newspaper to run their story, along with an appeal for unwanted hardware. You will probably have to collect it, and you may be offered quite a lot of junk. However, people can develop hardware skills on junk PCs, and extract parts to sell on eBay. If not, securely wiping hard drives and recycling old PCs is still a useful social function.Specs for Windows 10Windows 10 runs on practically anything, but it helps if your computer has at least 4GB of RAM and 120GB of storage. Photograph: Samuel Gibbs/The GuardianThanks to two long-term trends, most PC buyers can now afford a system that will run Microsoft Windows 10 reasonably well. First, as always, components have become cheaper and more powerful thanks to technological and manufacturing advances. Second, Microsoft has spent a decade making Windows more efficient. Today, Windows 10 usually runs on PCs that could run Vista well in 2006 or Windows 7 from 2009. Not many operating systems can claim that.But the fact that Windows 10 runs in 2GB of RAM does not make it a good idea. You get much better performance with 4GB, which (roughly) provides 2GB for Windows and 2GB for browser tabs.Indeed, given that memory modules are now cheap – you can buy 8GB for about £30 – it doesn’t make sense to use less.SSDs have also plunged in price. Today, 120GB drives go for about £20 or less, and 240GB drives can be had for £30. It makes no sense to buy a PC with a 32GB drive, and for Windows 10 users even 64GB is no longer enough.When a Windows 10 upgrade arrives, you need enough room for the download, the new version of the operating system and the previous version, all at the same time. The old version is stored in the Windows.old folder so that you can restore it if something goes wrong. PCs should update correctly if given extra space on a USB thumbdrive or an external hard drive. However, if you start with only 64GB, you may end up running the Disk Clean-up app (remember to click “Clean up system files”) and deleting stuff to make space for updates.Today, I think the minimum specification for Windows 10 or Linux Mint is 4GB of memory and a 120GB SSD, but everyone should aim for 8GB and a 240GB or larger SSD. Video editors, photographers, gamers and “power users” will want, and often need, more.Real and subjective speedsIntel still rules the roost in most instances, but AMD’s latest chips can offer better value. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty ImagesPicking a processor is the trickiest part of buying a PC, because their relative merits are far from obvious. Real-world processor performance is influenced by the amount of memory, the type of storage and the cooling system, which includes the fans and the case. (In thin laptops, the CPU can be throttled to stop it from overheating, reducing performance in the process.)No one who sits down at an unknown PC can tell which CPU it’s using without looking it up. Often, differences don’t become evident until you have real work to do, or try to play a demanding game. If you just run Notepad, a slow system might look like fast one. If you try to reprocess an MP4 video, the fast one may take a few minutes and the slow one hours.Businesses can justify buying PCs that are fast enough to run their business processes because time is money. It’s worth doing a task just a few seconds faster if it’s repeated dozens or hundreds of times a day over many years. Home users usually don’t know how much time their PCs are wasting, and if they did, they probably wouldn’t care. If you’re only using a PC for a few hours a week, you won’t spend a fortune getting a browser to load five seconds faster.There’s also a subjective aspect: speed is what you are used to. For example, one of our seven-year-old Core i5 laptops seems a bit slow from the relative height of my six-core desktop, but some visitors have been impressed by its speed. They have a different concept of “normal”.So, from a psychological point of view, your clients should try to buy PCs that are as fast as the ones they are using now, or faster. Using what feels like a slow PC can be frustrating, whatever its real performance.Picking a chipIntel’s Core i5 line has offered a good balance of performance, energy consumption and cost for years. Photograph: Dado Ruvic/ReutersThe good news is that lots of old desktop processors still perform well by today’s standards. In response to the market’s move to ultra-thin laptops, Intel has been developing chips that use less power, generate less heat, need less cooling and provide longer battery life. Since 2005, it has focused on providing more performance per watt, rather than more raw performance. As a result, the Core i5-2500 that came out a decade ago is still faster than some new laptop chips because it runs at a TDP of 95W while they run at 15W or even 9W.There are hundreds of different processors in the refurbished PC market, but you can look up each chip’s score on the PassMark benchmark and compare it with your own PC’s score. Chips with significantly better scores should run faster. (Small percentage differences don’t matter.)For a Windows 10 PC that gets more-than-casual use, I think a PassMark score of around 2,500 is the minimum, and anything over 5,000 would probably be acceptable to most of your clients. Doubling that score would make it suitable for me, and doubling it again would satisfy a gamer.Let’s put those PassMark numbers in context. Even a 6W Pentium Silver N5000, designed for thin laptops, manages 2,447, which is my minimum. My old Core i5-2500 scores 6,357, while the i5-3470 used in last week’s refurbished Optiplex 7010 SFF (£135) scores 6,733. The i5-8400 in my current desktop scores 11,562. A really fast (and pricey) Core i9-9900K scores 20,197.In general, you should be looking at Intel Core chips in the ex-corporate refurbished market, and Core i5 versions are often the best value. If you’re buying new, aim for the highest spec you can justify. Intel Core chips are still very good but the AMD Ryzen equivalents may be better value.THE GUARDIAN
How Do I Get My Name to The Top of Google’s Search Results?
''I’m a researcher at a major university. Unfortunately, I happen to share my name and middle initial with an unrelated drug dealer who has been in and out of prison. My name is sufficiently rare that I’m worried that confusion might arise, because a cursory Google search tends to give prominence to negative news stories that feature him.The standard advice online seems to be to open as many social media accounts as possible. I also have my own domain, but none of these has displaced the negative news stories in the search rankings. What should I do? Name withheldHow to get the top spot in Google’s search engine results has been a hot topic for years. It’s still vitally important to all types of business, to consultants and other professionals, bands and musicians, authors and journalists, politicians and many others. For those who can justify the fees, personal branding and “reputation management” companies do it for a living.At this point, all the information you need is online somewhere. The problem is that it takes a significant amount of work, which may or may not be worth it.In your case, I imagine that anybody likely to search for the name of a bright, young academic is not going to confuse you with a drug dealer almost twice your age. They already know that two or, usually, many more people have the same name. The people who could have real problems are the ones who share names and professions. Two journalists spring to mind: Duncan Campbell, a novelist and former Guardian crime reporter, and Duncan Campbell, an investigative reporter and television producer formerly on the staff of the New Statesman. Neither is likely to be confused with Duncan Campbell, the artist who won the Turner prize in 2014, or the Duncan Campbell from the BBC’s Antiques Roadshow, or numerous others.However, the general advice is correct. You need to displace your namesake by producing content that Google’s search algorithms find more compelling than old newspaper crime reports. You could do this by becoming famous, which would generate vast numbers of links to your name. Failing that, you will have to generate as many links as you can through social media, and by writing popular articles, or blogging.Personal brandingIt helps to have a distinctive name, so you are off to a good start. People with common names can use various techniques to distinguish themselves. These include varying their first name (Edward, Ed, Eddy, Eddie, Ted, Teddy, Ned, Neddy etc), adding or dropping a middle initial, or expanding and hyphenating their surnames. Some people have become known by their initials, including the American poet EE Cummings and the English author JRR Tolkien. Entertainers can invent stage names, which can be mononymous. Examples include Cher and Sting.Under English law, you can change your surname to whatever you like, and for convenience, affirm it in a deed poll. This can make sense if your surname is problematic or you are anglicising a name. It would be extreme for your purposes.However, the key point is to decide on a fixed nomenclature, adopt it, and stick to it. This could include using the Dr to which your PhD entitles you, and abbreviating your first name. You already get the top hit on Google for this search, so tell people to use it.You should also write yourself an identifying statement. The younger Duncan Campbell, for example, uses “investigative journalist & computer forensics expert”, and this appears in his Twitter bio. Google search can use statements like this to disambiguate people who have the same name.At the moment, your naming and labelling is inconsistent.Once you have decided on a name and a catchy (if possible) description, you should update your website and Twitter, LinkedIn and other social media accounts so that they all send Google the same unique and distinctive message. The more you can incorporate your chosen nomenclature into your academic life, the better.After that, it is mainly a question of repetition, repetition, repetition.Own your domain nameGetting your own domain and site can provide a central place for broadcasting your name across the internet. Photograph: Lifestyle pictures / Alamy/AlamyGoogle’s results are influenced by domain names so buying appropriate names is a good branding investment. Obviously, .com is the most powerful TLD (top-level domain), but most common names were snapped up ages ago. Alternatives include .co.uk, .org, .net, and .info.Some country domains are popular, and .ac (Ascension Island) could appeal to academics. Radio and TV stations can buy .am (Armenia), .fm (Federated States of Micronesia), and .tv (Tuvalu) addresses. Technology companies have used .ai (Anguilla), .io (British Indian Ocean Territory), .ly (Libya), and .ws (Western Samoa). The .co (Colombia) and .me (Montenegro) domains have broad appeal. Some countries require a local presence, trademark or registered business address, but many people should be able to find a usable domain name somewhere.Once you have a domain, you need to use it, and you have. But one page of static content is not going to hold Google’s interest for long. Ideally, you should have several pages. You could have a landing page that says what you do and why you care about it. You should have an “about yourname” page that links to your university page and social media accounts, and ideally, these should link back to your website. You could have a publications page that links to your academic papers, with précis, and so on.Google’s founding idea was that you could decide a web page’s importance from the number of links to it, and from the quality of the websites doing the linking. A link from the Guardian or the BBC has a lot more “google juice” than a link from, say, Flickr or YouTube, but they all count.Google Search tries to detect and punish techniques such as “keyword stuffing” and “link farming”, so you have to avoid anything that looks deceptive while also trying to reinforce your name and declaration. Links should be natural.Ideally, you should update your website regularly, at least once a month. Google has a strong bias towards “freshness”. The more often you update your website, the more often Google’s spiders will index it, and the better you will score.Reach out for validationMedium is a popular light blogging platform. Photograph: MediumProf Brian Cox did not become a household name by publishing academic papers. You do not have to aim for that level of name recognition, but there are lots of things you can do to make your name more widely known. You are, after all, a recognised expert, and your field is more important to more people than particle physics.Blogging became a simple and socially acceptable way to build a reputation online after Blogger was launched in 1999, and it became even more important after Google bought the company in 2003. If you cannot blog on your own website, you can blog at yourname.blogspot.com, while linking to your main site and social media accounts.You can also post short stories about your research topics at Medium and LinkedIn, and possibly on a Facebook “fan page”, and promote them on Twitter. Aim at an audience that will never read your academic papers. If you are successful, your thoughts will be picked up by other publications. If you are not, it’s still worth doing. Your real target audience is Google.It will take a few months, but you should be able to build up a coherent online presence that establishes your identity, your authority and your continuing activity. Those are the three things that will increase your reputation with Google’s search algorithms, and improve your visibility. You can’t make your namesake disappear, but you may yet be able to outrank him.THE GUARDIAN
How Do I Find A Smartphone with The Specifications I Really Want?
'' My Samsung S8 has given up the ghost, and the prohibitive cost of repair means I’m in the market for a new mobile phone. I’ve come up with a wishlist of specifications. Are there any phones due in the coming months that offer all of these? I don’t believe anything currently on the market does. DeclanThere are four obvious problems with having a list of specifications for the device you want to buy, whether it’s a smartphone, tablet, laptop, digital camera or whatever. The first and biggest problem is that it can easily eliminate most of the products on the market or, in your case, all of them. In fact, it’s a problem I share: nobody offers a laptop that meets my most-desired specification, though a few come close.The second problem is that it can be hard work. There are thousands of products with variable specifications, many of them incomplete. The numbers you can find may well be a mixture of inches and centimetres, kilograms and pounds, and binary and decimal bytes. In some cases, I’ve created spreadsheets to compare products, partly to automate the format conversions.The third problem is that choosing purely on specification ignores other important features, such as manufacturing quality, ergonomics, software experience, reliability and support. That’s why it’s a good idea to get a “hands on” and to read independent reviews, plus the manufacturer’s support forums, if any.There’s always a risk factor, and some technology buyers are more risk-averse than others. Some are happy buying smartphones from little-known suppliers on Chinese websites; others will prefer to buy from a local shop, so they can take it back when they run into a problem.The fourth problem is that most of us have personal preferences. Some people have historical reasons for choosing a particular brand – they’ve had good or bad experiences with other products from the same company – or they think it has more social credibility. Maybe they just like the colour or the way it looks. Buyers are often willing to compromise on specifications when less tangible aspects of desirability trigger an emotional response.I’m not saying that buying using specifications is wrong: people who ignore them risk buying stupid things. However, specs are not the whole story, and for many buyers, they are not even the main story. Either way, knowing what you value will help you make a more informed choice.Smartphone specGoogle’s Pixel 4 XL has a 90Hz screen, but only 6GB of memory and no expandable storage. Photograph: Samuel Gibbs/The GuardianFrom your wishlist of specifications, you want to buy a dual-sim Android 10 smartphone with at least 8GB of memory, 128GB or more storage (expandable), and a 90Hz or better display. This sort of spec should give you a decent range of options. Unfortunately, you also want a headphone jack, wireless charging and water resistance, which reduces the options to none. The last thing on your wishlist is 5G: “nice to have for future proofing; not required”. That’s a nice thought, but “Android” and “future proofing” are mutually incompatible.I don’t know of any phones that exactly match your wishlist, and I think the long-term trend is the other way. I envisage future smartphones as completely sealed devices with no ports at all. Sims will be “virtual” esims (stored on the device, instead of physically inserted) and everything else will be done wirelessly.Headphones are on the way out, and microSD card slots – used to add storage – will probably go the same way. For now, your spec is mostly practical if you can fit a microSD card into a hybrid sim slot, instead of a second sim.Possible optionsThe OnePlus 7 Pro was one of the first phones available with a 90Hz screen, and shipped in a 5G variant. Photograph: Samuel Gibbs/The GuardianIt only took a couple of minutes on GSM Arena’s Phone Finder to come up with what might be your best choice – the Xiaomi Redmi K30 – but you could also consider the Lenovo Z6 running Android 9. If you want a 5G phone, the only option is the Xiaomi Redmi K30 5G. You can compare all three here. They are all reasonably priced.These mid-range smartphones have the features you want except for wireless charging and the real stumbling block, water resistance. However, you can get both of those from your current supplier in the form of the Samsung Galaxy Note 9, S10, S10+ and S10e. If you can find dual-sim models with Android 10, the only thing you’d be giving up is the high screen refresh rate, and the rumour is that Samsung will address that in February.On the whole, then, I think you should stick with Samsung, unless you have totally gone off the company, which would be understandable in the circumstances.Choosing other devicesLaptops come in so many different sizes, form factors, capabilities, age, operating systems and prices, filtering by specs can be useful in narrowing down the options. Photograph: Bebeto Matthews/APGSM Arena is really useful if you’re buying a smartphone or a tablet – the two product categories it covers. If I’m buying something else, I’m often tempted to ask “what’s the GSM Arena of” cameras or laptops or TV sets or whatever. There is rarely a good answer, but for digital camera buyers, the Amazon-owned DP Review website is excellent.Like GSM Arena, DP Review lets you find cameras by their specifications and compare them side by side. I’ve used these features in earlier answers about digital photography.Laptop buyers could really do with their own GSM Arena, but I’ve never found one. However, the advanced search feature on the somewhat obscure noteb.com is worth a go. It has sliders to set maximum and minimum values for things like launch date, number of processor cores, power consumption, memory, storage, display size and vertical resolution, battery capacity, estimated battery life, and so on. You can ignore any fields you don’t care about. You can sort the results by value, price, performance or by name, and its rankings seem sensible. Alternatively, you can focus on a particular class of laptop – the options are Mainstream, Ultraportable, Business, Gaming and CAD/3D modelling – or on a single brand. Clicking on a laptop brings up its full specification.This “laptop search engine” also has a blog and a YouTube channel. It looks like a labour of love. It solicits donations and has a Patreon page. One incentive is that donors can get personal laptop buying advice. I hope it survives. Maybe Jeff Bezos should buy it, because Amazon’s laptop search badly needs upgrading.There are, of course, plenty of useful websites such as Laptopmag, Notebookcheck and the Wirecutter. They all have good reviews and top product picks. However, when it comes to finding laptops that fit a choice of specs, I usually end up using the limited and often clunky filtering features on retail sites such as Currys PC World, eBuyer, Argos, Laptops Direct and so on. The obvious drawback is that they won’t find interesting products that they don’t stock. And those are the ones that someone hunting for a very particular spec may well want to buy.A warning noteGSM Arena is a global website, so some phones may not work in the UK, or wherever you happen to live. There’s less of a risk now the UK has six different 4G bands between 800MHz (the old analogue TV band) and 2.6GHz, but if you’re buying a smartphone from overseas, it’s important to check. Phones sold within the UK should, of course, work with British networks.THE GUARDIAN
Computer-Graphics Pioneers Win Tech's Turing Prize
The technology that animated movies like “Toy Story” and enabled a variety of special effects is the focus of this year’s Turing Award, the technology industry’s version of the Nobel Prize.Patrick Hanrahan and Edwin Catmull won the prize for their contributions to 3-D computer graphics used in movies and video games.Edwin Catmull was hired by legendary filmmaker George Lucas to head the computer-technology division that became Pixar when Apple founder Steve Jobs bought it. Patrick Hanrahan was one of Catmull's early hires at Pixar, now part of Disney.Together, the two worked on techniques that made graphics in movies like “Toy Story” look more lifelike, even though Hanrahan left Pixar years before the studio released that film. Catmull is the former president of Pixar and worked there for more than three decades.“What makes skin look like skin? What makes a tree look like a tree? You have to understand the structure of material and how light interacts with it,” Hanrahan said IN AN INTERVIEW WITH THE AP?. Only then is it possible to translate that understanding of how the physics of curved surfaces — our hands, our noses — works with light into the 100,00-plus frames that make up a movie.Hanrahan's “RenderMan” software helped produce “Toy Story” in 1995 and then a string of Pixar films like “Up,” “Monsters Inc.,” “Finding Nemo” and “Wall-E.” It was also the backbone of CGI special effects in live-action movies such as “Titanic” and the “Lord of the Rings” films.The Association for Computing Machinery, which awards the prize, says filmmakers used RenderMan software in nearly all of the last 47 movies nominated for a visual effects Academy Award.The technology has also indirectly helped the artificial-intelligence field. The chips that were developed for video-game graphics were so powerful that they could then be used to train AI algorithms.JAPANTODAY
UK Mobile Phone Users Report Issues with Voice Calls
Mobile phone users across the UK are reporting issues with voice calls failing to connect, particularly when made between networks.O2 and Three have confirmed that there have been problems with their own networks and said they were investigating the issue. EE said the problems only occurred during calls to other networks, and intra-EE calls should be fine.In a message on its website, O2 said it was aware that “some customers may be experiencing issues when making and receiving voice calls on our 2G, 3G and 4G networks” and apologised to customers. Three UK also confirmed an issue with voice calls, which it said was affecting about 3% of customers.One O2 user reported failing four times to call a contact on Three’s network, only for the call to work first time when made the other way round.O2 described the problem as “a cross-industry issue”, while EE said it was “an issue in another operator’s network” but did not name a specific operator.A spokesman for Three UK said: “We are aware of an issue affecting around 3% of voice calls. We apologise for any inconvenience and our team is working to fix this ASAP. The rest of the network is stable.”The fault comes as millions of people begin working from home as part of government guidance to reduce social contact to help stop the spread of coronavirus. According to Down Detector, a network-status monitoring website, users of all four of the UK’s major networks have reported issues.“This is not related to the increase in home working caused by coronavirus,” said EE.Disruption to other technology businesses has come from coronavirus-related spikes in demand, however. Microsoft’s remote-working tool, Teams, suffered login issues on Monday and Tuesday mornings, as a wave of newly remote workers across Europe all logged in at once.At the weekend, a similar problem affected other industries: Xbox Live went down for many video gamers. “Usage is up on almost everything,” said the head of Xbox, Phil Spencer.The voice-call issue comes on a day that was supposed to be celebratory for the networks: for the first time, travellers on some underground sections of the London Underground have permanent phone reception, following a successful upgrade by TfL.The service is limited for now, only affecting passengers using the 1999 extension that forms the eastern half of the Jubilee line. It was implemented at a cost of £10m, and TfL plans to extend the service to the entire line by the end of the year and other lines from 2021.THE GUARDIAN
Razberi Technologies Extends Its Intelligent Video Surveillance Platform
Razberi Technologies is announcing significant advances to its video surveillance platform, with a new lineup of enterprise video servers. The Company will provide an overview of the new products via webinars from March 18 to March 20, 2020. To register, click here.Razberi Technologies is announcing significant advances to its video surveillance platform with new managed services software & a new lineup of enterprise video servers. Register NOW for webinar overview of new products, 3/18-3/20, https://hubs.ly/H0ntH8G0.Razberi will demonstrate an extensive new lineup of Razberi Core data center appliances. The lineup includes a new series of high performance, cyber-secure, redundant servers that are purpose-built for enterprise video workloads. The new servers use the latest technology from Intel and Nvidia to provide the processing power needed to support the growing demand for megapixel analytics.“By expanding our video server lineup, Razberi now offers flexible video recording options for the edge, the core, outdoors and everywhere in-between,” said Tom Galvin, Razberi’s founder and Chief Product Officer. “All of these products are integrated with our CameraDefense™ and Monitor™ software solutions to provide best practice cybersecurity protection with a managed platform that reduces truck rolls and operating costs.”With the new family of servers and software, Razberi has built a completely open, secure and managed platform that works with world-class VMS, analytics, and network camera products.Customer ImpactAccording to Chad Nelson, Director of Security, Facilities and Cargo Compliance at Tropical Shipping, “We are excited about the opportunity to use Razberi for a broader set of server applications. The combination of core, edge and outdoor solutions gives us the flexibility to optimize our video surveillance architecture to save money and improve our system reliability.”AiTHORITY
Intel Is Coming for AMD Hard, If This Latest Performance Leak Is Any Indication
Intel's 10th-generation Comet Lake-S processors for desktop still aren't here, and while we haven't heard anything from Intel itself, there's a deluge of performance leaks out there. The latest of which comes via famed hardware leaker @TUM_APISAK and shows a supposed Intel Core i7-10700KF scoring 294.33GOPS on the SISoftware CPU Arithmetic benchmark. For comparison's sake, an AMD Ryzen 7 3800X can score around 308GOPs according to SiSMark's results browser. This would mean that Intel's next generation processors won't quite catch up to AMD's mainstream platform, but because Comet Lake-S is, by all indications, going to still be on the 14nm manufacturing process, that shouldn't be too much of a surprise. In fact, its promising that Intel is able to come so close on its aging manufacturing process at all. This is likely largely due to the processor boosting all the way up to 5.3GHz, which is an amazing boost clock for any processor, especially when it comes with 8-cores and 16-threads. Only time will tell if this is an actual boost clock and not an overclock – if this benchmark result is even real. However, it's still promising. We are fully expecting Intel to unveil its Comet Lake-S processors any time now, and these chips will show us whether or not there really is any life left in the Skylake architecture. We'll just have to wait and see. Wait, there's a catchAccording to some juicy speculation by our friends over at Tom's Hardware, Intel may end up launching its 10th-generation Comet Lake-S chips with three different levels of TDP (thermal design power): 125W, 65W and 35W. It's extremely likely that the Intel Core i7-10700KF shown off in this benchmark is going to come with the 125W TDP rather than a 65W, which would be significantly higher than the 105W TDP of the AMD Ryzen 7 3800X. You also have to take into consideration the fact that TDP is measured differently by Intel and AMD. Here at TechRadar, we didn't review the 3800X, but we reviewed a large portion of the AMD Ryzen 3rd Generation lineup, and the Ryzen 9 3900X stays closer to its 105W TDP with a peak power draw of 145.75W than something like the Intel Core i9-9900KS which is rated for 127W but draws up to 202.75W. It's likely then, that if the Intel Core i7-10700KF ships with a 125W TDP, it could see power consumption spike much higher than the Ryzen 7 3800X, which would make it both slightly slower and much less efficient. Still, this loss in power efficiency may not be a dealbreaker for some users, especially if Intel manages to keep its lead in single core – and thus gaming – performance with its next-generation CPUs. The benchmark leaked here is definitely geared more towards multi-core performance, so its possible that Intel could still maintain its lead elsewhere. We'll have to wait until we manage to get our hands on these processors ourselves, of course, but until then we'll report on any other major benchmark leaks leading up to the release of Comet Lake-S. We can't wait. TECHRADAR