Author: Tronserve admin
Friday 30th July 2021 03:41 AM
Everything You Need to Know About the Logistics of Bulk Chemical Transportation
When dealing with bulk chemical transportation, there are many points to consider. From using the proper tanks during transport, making sure that truck drivers have the necessary training and permits, and having a full knowledge of HAZMAT rules so that chemicals are perfectly classified as harmful before transport, the logistics of bulk chemical transportation involves many different aspects. To gain a better understanding of these logistics and ensure all bulk chemical transportation is done in a manner that is safe and meets all state and federal rules and regulations, here's everything you have to know about the process.
Transporting to the Buyer
The first step included in bulk chemical transportation is determining what quantity and what type of chemical will be transported to the buyer. As soon as this is done by the supplier, the tank to be used will be cleaned before having the chemical pumped into it at the supplier's facility. As soon as this is completed, the tank is then hooked up to a truck for transport, and will be tracked by GPS to ensure it arrives on time.
Determining Transportation Costs
For suppliers and buyers to generate a profit on the transport of chemicals, it is very important that transportation costs be precisely calculated. For this, different types of factors come into play, including the distance involved in making the shipment, the size of the shipment, and how many days it will take for the shipment to arrive. When determining these costs, it is essential to remember that U.S. Department of Transportation rules require truck drivers to take pauses after driving for a particular number of hours. So, these breaks should be factored into the total time for the trip.
Delivery to the Buyer
When the chemicals arrive at the buyer's destination, they are pumped out of the truck's tank. In several situations, the chemicals are pumped directly into storage tanks, which could be located above or below ground. Or they may be pumped into tanks that are stored in warehouses or other facilities, where they will be used either for manufacturing or till they are resold or redistributed.
Using the Proper Tanks for Transportation
When transporting bulk chemicals, using the appropriate tank during transport will make sure everyone's safety. In many instances, one of four types of tanks will be used, which can include a general-purpose tank trailer, rubber-lined tank trailer, fiberglass-reinforced plastic, and aluminum tank trailers. Starting in size from 5,000-8,500 gallons, each type of tank trailer is used for specific types of chemicals. For example, a fiberglass-reinforced plastic tank trailer will hold 5,600 gallons, and is used primarily to haul acids or various types of bleaches.
DOT and HAZMAT Requirements
There are various DOT and HAZMAT rules and regulations that needs to be strictly followed to when doing bulk chemical transportation. For instance, shippers must tell drivers and support staff of the hazards and guidelines associated with the chemical being transported, and must also ensure the trucks, tanks, and trailers used in transport are in good condition. In addition to this, all drivers transporting bulk chemicals must have a CDL and HAZMAT certification, and are required to inspect their equipment just prior to the trip as well as make periodic assessments while on the road.
Fines and Penalties
Since bulk chemical transportation is strictly regulated, quite a few fines and penalties can be enacted by the U.S. Department of Transportation and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency if suppliers are in breach of certain rules and regulations. Since the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act contains provisions for how hazardous chemicals are transported throughout the United States, violations regarding packaging, labeling, employee training, and operational procedures may result in severe penalties. Since these penalties are considered federal offenses, criminal penalties can be levied against violators, and ranges from fines of $75,000 or more, jail, or prison sentences, or combining these penalties.
Variation of Transportation Permits
Since chemical transportation is very dangerous, a lot can not be transported across state lines without proper documentation. Most often, particular licenses are needed from each state through which the chemicals are transported. So, it is very important all documentation be done in a proper manner prior to transport. Or else, not only will the delivery of the chemicals be delayed, but it is also likely the transportation company and supplier will face substantial fees and other penalties.
This article is originally posted on manufacturing.net