Posted on : Friday 7th August 2020 12:44 PM
Once you get well versed with the different stages normally incorporated in an inverter unit as explained above, troubleshooting becomes relatively easy. The following tips will illustrate how to repair DC to AC inverter:
Inverter is “Dead”:
If your inverter is dead, do preliminary investigations such as checking battery voltage and connections, checking for a blown fuse, lose connections etc. If all these are OK, open the inverter outer cover and do the following steps:
1) Locate the oscillator section; disconnect its output from its MOSFET stage and using a frequency meter confirm whether or not it is generating the required frequency. Normally, for a 220V inverter this frequency will be 50 Hz, and for 120V inverter this will be 60 Hz. If your meter reads no frequency or a stable DC, it may indicate a possible fault with this oscillator stage. Check its IC and the associated components for the remedy.
2) In case you find the oscillator stage working fine, go for the next stage i.e. the current amplifier stage (power MOSFET). Isolate the MOSFETS from the transformer and check each device using a digital multimeter. Remember that you may have to completely remove the MOSFET or the BJT from the board while testing them with your DMM. If you find a particular device to be faulty, replace it with a new one, and check the response by switching ON the inverter. Preferably connect a high wattage DC bulb in series with the battery while testing the response, just to be on the safer side and prevent any undue damage to the battery
3) Occasionally, transformers can also become the major cause for a malfunction. You can check for an open winding or a loose internal connection in the associated transformer. If you find it to be suspicious, immediately change it with a new one.
Although it won't be that easy to learn everything about how to repair DC to AC inverter from this chapter itself, but definitely things will start "cooking" as you delve into the procedure through relentless practice, and some trial and error.
Still have doubts...feel free to post your specific questions here. Fictron will reply